WinDOwS Tricks - Part 3Go to ALL
WinDOwS ©Tricks + Secrets Contents
5-22-96 Win9x/ME Original ©Trick in MYTIPS95.TXT, part of W95-11D.EXE:
Do you remember the logo that showed up on your screen when you booted into your freshly installed Windows 9x/ME OS
for the first time? Well, Microsoft Setup routine wiped it out from your hard disk afterwards, so you can't see it anymore.
But you can still have it displayed any time as your bootup logo. :)
Just extract the SULOGO.SYS (or
LOGO_02.SYS) file from your Win95/98/ME Setup CD-ROM by using EXTRACT.EXE, the Microsoft DOS mode CAB
extracting tool, located by default in C:\WINDOWS\COMMAND.
See "EXTRACT FROM CAB",
also in MYTIPS95.TXT [part of W95-11D.EXE], for more details.
Start by running these commands from any
IF NOT EXIST \EXTRACT\NUL MD \EXTRACT
CD\EXTRACTand then run this one
(using D as your CD/DVD drive letter, change if necessary):
Make sure your Win9x/ME Setup CD is already present
in the drive before doing this. :)
- Windows 95
users:EXTRACT /Y SULOGO.SYS D:\WIN95\WIN95_10.CAB
- Windows 95B/95C OSR 2.x
users:EXTRACT /Y LOGO_02.SYS D:\WIN95\WIN95_04.CAB
- Windows 98/98 SP1
users:EXTRACT /Y SULOGO.SYS D:\WIN98\WIN98_46.CAB
- Windows 98 SE(U)
users:EXTRACT /Y SULOGO.SYS D:\WIN98\WIN98_52.CAB
- Windows ME users:EXTRACT /Y SULOGO.SYS D:\WIN9X\WIN_19.CAB
Better, use the DOS style batch file ECD.BAT
[also part of W95-11D.EXE] to automate this task.
If you own the floppy version of Win95 Setup you need
to use EF.BAT instead [also part of W95-11D.EXE].
Run this command
line from any DOS prompt (example):ECD SULOGO.SYSECD.BAT will create the \EXTRACT folder
on your C drive/partition and extract SULOGO.SYS there. Now you need to move SULOGO.SYS (or LOGO_02.SYS) to your boot
drive/partition root directory (usually C:\) and then rename it to LOGO.SYS. To do this copy & paste lines below into
Notepad and save the file as ROOTLOGO.BAT (example). Then run ROOTLOGO from any DOS prompt:-----Begin cut & paste here-----
EXIST C:\LOGO.SYS ATTRIB +A -H -R -S C:\LOGO.SYS
IF EXIST C:\LOGO.SYS REN C:\LOGO.SYS LOGO.ORI
IF EXIST C:\EXTRACT\SULOGO.SYS
MOVE/Y C:\EXTRACT\SULOGO.SYS C:\
IF EXIST C:\EXTRACT\LOGO_02.SYS MOVE/Y C:\EXTRACT\LOGO_02.SYS C:\
IF EXIST C:\SULOGO.SYS
REN C:\SUOGO.SYS LOGO.SYS
IF EXIST C:\LOGO_02.SYS REN C:\OGO_02.SYS LOGO.SYS
------End cut & paste here------Note that ROOTLOGO also backs up your original LOGO.SYS (if any)
by renaming it to LOGO.ORI.
You can also delete the now empty \EXTRACT folder created by ECD.BAT.
you'll boot into Windows you'll see the new logo displayed as your startup screen.FYI: The Win98/ME
bootup logo is embedded into C:\IO.SYS (Hidden, Read-only, System file), and a separate C:\LOGO.SYS file may not exist
if you haven't put one in C:\ root.A MUST: To have a logo displayed while Windows 9x/ME
starts up you need to add/modify a line under the [Options] section of your MSDOS.SYS
(Hidden, Read-only, System file) found in the root directory of your boot drive/partition (usually C:\) to read:Logo=1To edit MSDOS.SYS run SYS95.BAT [also part of W95-11D.EXE] from any DOS prompt.
You can also use my custom LOGO.SYS [part of W95-11D.EXE] or one of these fun(k)y logos [1 MB, freeware] as your
Windows bootup logo. Just rename the .BMP file you like to LOGO.SYS, then place it in C:\ root (after backing up yours) and
reboot.HINTS:Back 2 Contents
5-25-98 Win95 ©Trick in MYTIPS95.TXT, part of W95-11D.EXE:
ENABLE TELEPHONY APPLET
Windows 95 has a built-in Telephony tool, useful for troubleshooting TAPI (Telephony Application Programming
Interface), TCP/IP or Dial-Up Networking (DUN) problems or bugs, located in Control Panel (TELEPHON.CPL).
But Win95 Setup
does NOT install it by default. :(
To bring it back, just rename the TELEPHON.CP$ file found in your
C:\Windows\System folder to TELEPHON.CPL.
Now restart Control Panel and (double-)click on the Telephony icon, from
which you can: see a list of TAPI Drivers (providers), add/remove items to/from the list and/or configure Dialup
Properties.Back 2 Contents
5-25-98 Win9x ©Trick in MYTIPS95.TXT, part of W95-11D.EXE:
The TELEPHON.INI file MUST be present in your Win95 folder, to enable the proper operation of ALL TAPI
(Telephony Application Programming Interface) programs: HyperTerminal, Dial-Up Networking (DUN), TCP/IP connections, Fax etc,
handled by your modem/fax card.
If TELEPHON.INI is corrupted or missing, your TAPI applications might not work properly or
freeze, because most TAPI settings are stored in this file.
But there is a way to repair/rebuild it: just run
TAPIINI.EXE, the Telephony initialization program located in your C:\Windows\System folder.
Done.Back 2 Contents
1-5-98 Win9x ©Trick in TIPS95.TXT, part of W95-11D.EXE:
Microsoft reported several error messages you may encounter when trying to start Windows 9x:"The following file is missing or corrupted: WIN.COM"or:"The following file
is missing or corrupted: WIN.COM Program too big to fit in memory"or:"Cannot find WIN.COM,
unable to continue loading Windows",and you are returned to the MS-DOS prompt, unable to start Windows. :(
is attributed to a missing or corrupt WIN.COM, the Windows 9x executable, found in your Windows folder (C:\Windows by
First, check for correct file size:
From the same DOS prompt screen replace the existing WIN.COM with a fresh copy, by
running one of these commands from your:
- Windows 95 retail and 95a OSR1 (upgraded
with SP1) WIN.COM should be 22679 bytes;
- Windows 95 B/C OSR 2.0 - 2.5 WIN.COM should be 24503 bytes;
- Windows 98 and 98
SE WIN.COM should be 24791 bytes.
Substitute the cd-rom/floppy drive letters with yours if different.
- Win95, 95a OSR1 or 95 B/C OSR 2.x Setup cd-rom:EXTRACT D:\WIN95\WIN95_03.CAB WIN.CNF
- Win95 Setup floppy:EXTRACT
- Win98 or 98 SE Setup cd-rom:EXTRACT D:\WIN98\WIN98_25.CAB
Now run this command from the
folder where WIN.CNF resides:COPY /Y WIN.CNF C:\WINDOWS\WIN.COMSubstitute the Windows 9x
folder name with yours if different.
And now you're [finally :)] ready to start Windows by running:WINNOTE: For more info read the Creating a New WIN.COM File When You Cannot Start Windows MSKB
article.Back 2 Contents
12-25-97 Win9x ©Trick in MYTIPS95.TXT, part of W95-11D.EXE:
If your web browser (when connected to your ISP) is unable to reach certain web sites consistently and keeps bugging
you with messages such as "Could not locate remote server," then you might have Domain Name Service (DNS) problems. Each web
address you type (example: www.microsoft.com) is translated to an Internet address (example: 22.214.171.124) through a domain
name server. If the server you are using is running slowly or has shut down for any reasons, you're in trouble!
luckily there are a couple of ways to work around this:1. One is to add a secondary DNS. Contact your ISP (Internet
Service Provider) and ask for the name and IP (Internet Protocol) number of a backup server. Once you have the new IP address
of a reliable backup server, click Start, Settings, Control Panel. Double click the Network icon and then click the
Configuration tab. In the box labeled "The following network components are installed:" select "TCP/IP Dial-Up Adapter" and
click the Properties button. Then click the DNS Configuration tab. Under the title "DNS Server Search Order," enter the new
IP address(es) you have obtained from your ISP.
IMPORTANT: If you are connected to a local network,
do NOT change the DNS settings without first checking with the network administrator! Otherwise you may not be able to
reconnect to the network!
Also, write down the existing settings before making ANY changes!2. The other way is to
locate your current Dial-Up Connection, by double clicking your Dial-Up Networking folder in Explorer or in My Computer. Now
select your current DUN icon, that usually has your ISP's name, and drag and drop it on your Desktop.
This will create a
.DUN file with your ISP connection name (mine is called Worldnet.dun).
Open the new DUN file in Notepad and modify the DNS
lines (under the [TCP/IP] section) to match the ones you obtained by running TRACERT with your known ISP IP number, till you
find one fast enough to use most of the time when connecting to the Internet.
NOTE: TRACERT is a
small DOS mode tool, located in your Windows folder.
To use TRACERT, start a DOS box (window), and run:TRACERT 126.96.36.199Substitute the IP number above with your own (this one belongs to my ISP, so
it is of no use to you, if you're not a WorldNet user).
When Tracert is done "poking" your ISP address, you'll see
something like this on your DOS box screen:Tracing route to ns1.worldnet.att.net
[188.8.131.52]over a maximum of 30 hops:1 197 ms 195 ms 199 ms 192.168.255.2532 203 ms 200 ms 204 ms
184.108.40.2063 248 ms 240 ms 234 ms 220.127.116.114 236 ms 260 ms 240 ms 18.104.22.168 241 ms 242 ms 241 ms
ns1.worldnet.att.net [22.214.171.124]Trace complete.Now call your ISP support voice phone number (usually a toll
free call), and ask the permission to use an alternate DNS address, eventually one on the TRACERT list (explaining that you
repeatedly encounter the same problems trying to connect to certain web servers most/all the time).
If you're lucky and
they approve of this, they might also have their own DNS numbers that might work better/faster in your neck of the
Now you're ready to edit the Dial-Up Networking file.
In Explorer (or File Manager), open your .DUN file (in the
\Windows\Desktop folder, where you "dropped" it if you followed the above guidelines) with Notepad. Scroll down to the
[TCP/IP] section and change the numbers on your "DNS_address" and/or "DNS_Alt_address" lines with the ones you obtained from
Example (the lines below refer ONLY to WorldNet Service DNS numbers):[TCP/IP]
DNS_Alt_address=126.96.36.199Save the file, and close
Notepad. Now you're ready to start your new DUN connection from the Desktop.WARNING: You
can't log on to alternate DNS addresses without permission from your ISP, or if you use the ones returned by TRACERT, you
might experience slowdowns or network errors!You can duplicate your DUN files as much as you like, but make sure to choose
a different name every time (if you plan on keeping them into the same folder, i.e. on the Desktop, for faster
When you're done, (double-)click on your new DUN desktop icon to connect.
Happy surfing!Back 2 Contents
12-25-97 Win95/OSR2 ©Trick in REGISTRY.TXT, part of W95-11D.EXE:
There is a Registry trick that might allow you to activate/deactivate your screen saver by placing your mouse in
different Desktop screen corners ("hot spots").WARNING: This feature is disabled IF you
installed MS Internet Explorer 4/5/6 with Active Desktop (View As Web Page) enabled, or IF using Windows 95C OSR
2.5/98/2000/ME/XP [which install MS IE 4/5/6 = no choice there :(]!Run Regedit and go to:HKEY_CURRENT_USER\Software\Microsoft\Windows\CurrentVersion\Screen SaversUnder Screen Savers, add a new
string value and name it Mouse Corners. Edit this new value to show "-Y-N" (no quotes).
Close Regedit and restart
From now on whenever you position your mouse cursor in the upper right corner of your screen, the screen saver
will immediately activate. Likewise, if you position the mouse in the lower left corner of your screen, the screen saver will
not activate, even if it has been inactive for longer than the time specified when you selected it.
The principle behind
this is based on activating/deactivating the 4 screen corners, in this specific order (in the Registry key above):
Therefore a value of "NY--" would result in having the screen saver active by placing your mouse
cursor in the upper right corner, and respectively inactive by placing your rodent pointer into the lower right
- lower right corner;
- upper right corner;
- upper left corner;
- lower left
Just take your pick, depending on which corners are easier for you to use.
This trick is useful to keep your
screen saver from being turned on right in the middle of a task that cannot be interrupted, like defragmenting/scanning your
Back 2 Contents
12-25-97 Win95 ©Trick in TIPS95.TXT, part of W95-11D.EXE:
- The "active screen corners" feature can also be
enabled from your Display Properties (the Screen Saver tab) IF you own Microsoft Plus! Pack for Windows 95 (but NOT with MS
IE 4/5/6 installed), for ALL MS Plus! installed savers, and ONLY IF System Agent (Task Scheduler) is active.
- IF using
Windows 9x/NT/2000/ME/XP/2003 you can still do this by using QuickClick 16-bit for
Windows 3.1x/9x/NT4/2000/ME/XP/2003 [no nag shareware].
Unzip QCLICK1.ZIP with your
favorite unZIPping tool [see "Free Windows 9x/NT4/2000/ME/XP/2003/Vista/2008/7 File Shrinkers" for
examples] and then read READ1ST.TXT for complete details on QuickClick usage.
If you are having problems starting Windows 95 on your machine, or believe that your Registry files are corrupt, you
can create a new Win95 Registry without a total reinstall. Easy, just run this command at the real MS-DOS mode command
line:SETUP /Pffrom your Win95 install cd-rom D:\WIN95 folder (change the cd-rom drive
letter if different on your machine).
This will create a new Registry from scratch (replacing SYSTEM.DAT and USER.DAT in
your Win95 folder with the new ones).
I suggest you BACKUP your old Registry files before doing this!NOTE: Read "95/98/ME SETUP SWITCHES", also in TIPS95.TXT [part of
W95-11D.EXE], for more undocumented SETUP parameters.Back 2 Contents
12-25-97 Updated Win9x/ME ©Trick in TIPS95.TXT, part of W95-11D.EXE:
There is a program automatically installed by Win9x/ME you can use to make old Windows/WfWG 3.xx (16-bit)
applications/games more compatible, called MKCOMPAT.EXE, located in %windir%\SYSTEM (default is
Run MKCOMPAT and select File → Open. Open the executable (.EXE) file you are having problems with.
Highlight the choices that seem likely to make a difference. Select File → Advanced for more control options. Select File →
Save to save the new configuration.
There is no online help, so some trial and error is in order until you find the
optimal settings to make your "rebel" program "behave" under Windows 9x/ME.
Examples of frequently used MKCOMPAT settings
that work with most Win31 16-bit apps/games:
Back 2 Contents
12-17-97 Win9x/ME Original ©Trick in MYTIPS95.TXT, part of W95-11D.EXE:
- Lie about Windows Version
- Delay Comm Handshake
- Increase Stack Size.
SWAP FILE - Part 2
I found a better method to reduce hard drive thrashing while using Windows 95/98/ME.
By default Windows places its
swap file in your main Windows folder located by default on the boot drive (usually C:\Windows).
But if you are
using one or more physical hard drive(s) larger than 2 GB (and many of us do nowadays), you have probably partitioned it into
multiple logical drives (like I did), to comply with a well-known MS-DOS 7.00, bundled with Windows 95 retail (and below)
limitation: MS-DOS FAT16 does NOT recognize partitions larger than 2 GB!
Win95 B/C OSR2.x, Win98/98 SE and
Millennium Edition (ME) come with FAT32, part of the improved MS-DOS version 7.10/8.00, which recognizes logical
partitions up to 2 TB (TerraBytes), and also drastically reduces the file assigned cluster size, making more storage space
available to your files, with one (minor) disadvantage: FAT32 slows down a bit drive access speed, depending on
drive/partition size: larger means slower.
See "FAT16 → FAT32 → exFAT",
also in SECRETS.TXT [part of W95-11D.EXE], for details.
FAT32 is (usually) not enabled by default, and to
convert/(re)partition your disk(s) you need to run a DOS based partitioning utility in native/real/true/pure MS-DOS mode, OUTSIDE
the Windows GUI!
See "DISK PARTITIONING, FORMATTING, BACKUP + RECOVERY TOOLS",
also in SECRETS.TXT [part of W95-11D.EXE], for a review of the best non-destructive disk partitioning
tools (most are freeware).
So if you do have more than one hard drive letter showing in Explorer or in File Manager, you
probably have a physical drive larger than 2 GB. If this is your case, the drives have different sizes. To view each drive's
size, right-click on a hard drive icon in Explorer, click Properties, and look for its respective "Capacity" under the
The principle is to choose the fastest/smallest drive/partition to place your Windows swap file on,
preferably a different physical drive than the one your Windows OS resides on.
Use a partitioning utility to resize your
smallest partition to 400-500 MB (but NOT BEFORE BACKING UP ALL YOUR DRIVES), and DO NOT use this new drive to store
ANY files (placing your temporary directory there is OK), EXCEPT the Windows swap file.
Then I STRONGLY
RECOMMEND to ScanDisk (run Scandskw.exe) for errors ALL your hard drives FIRST, and then fully Defragment
them (run Defrag.exe).
When you're done, right-click the "My Computer" icon (or whatever you renamed it to), and
click Properties. Click the Performance tab, then select "Virtual Memory", and change the location of your swap file to your
new drive/partition. Check the "Let me specify my own virtual memory settings" box. Browse to your desired drive
letter and select it. Now click Apply/OK to save your changes. You will be prompted to reboot. Do so, and when Windows
interface shows up again, you'll be running [hopefully :)] a little faster than before.Back 2 Contents
12-17-97 Win9x ©Trick in MYTIPS95.TXT, part of W95-11D.EXE:
DUN MONITOR - Part 2
You can also use System Monitor (Sysmon.exe, described in the "DUN MONITOR - Part 1" topic)
to measure your modem's average file transfer speeds, no matter what kind of Internet connection you are using (TCP/IP
protocol or Online Service client software).
To do this you HAVE to enable the modem report logging. Open the Control
Panel and (double-)click the Modems applet. Select your installed modem, and click Properties. On your modem's Connection tab,
click the Advanced button. Place a check mark in the "Record a log file" box. Now you're ready to measure your modem's
performance.Log on to the Internet or
your Online Service as usual. Once connected, open SysMon, located as a shortcut in the Start\Programs\Accessories\System
Tools folder, click Edit and select "Add Item". Choose your modem from the list (your modem will NOT show up unless
you're already connected!). Select: "Bytes received/sec" and "Bytes sent/sec" from the list. System Monitor
will display a real-time gauge from now on, showing your modem's download and upload speeds.
Happy surfing!Back 2 Contents
12-9-97 Win95 ©Trick in TIPS95.TXT, part of W95-11D.EXE:
How would you like to open the folder you're working in as a full blown Explorer window (or maximized) instead of
just viewing it in Win95's default window?
Left-click View and select Options from any folder within Explorer. Now click
the File Types tab and (double-)click the Folder item, located in the Registered File Types list. Select Explore from the
Actions list, and click the Set Default button.
From now on, (double-)clicking on any folder will bring up the Explorer
view of that folder.Back 2 Contents
11-29-97 Updated Win9x/ME ©Trick in TIPS95.TXT, part of W95-11D.EXE:
LOCK IT UP!
*REQUIRED READING* if using UNDELETE.EXE: "GOOD OL'
UNDELETE", also in MYTIPS95.TXT [part of W95-11D.EXE]!There is a way to recover deleted files
under Windows 9x/ME OS, which works ONLY in native/real/true/pure MS-DOS mode!NOTES:
For this you need to have kept your old MS-DOS 6.xx install floppy disks, or the old
MS-DOS (any version from 6.00 up to 6.22) files on your hard disk.
- This recovery procedure works ONLY with FAT16 drives/partitions!
- Microsoft REMOVED COMPLETELY the access
to native/real/true/pure MS-DOS mode from Windows Millennium Edition (ME), a.k.a. MS-DOS 8.00. :(
But you CAN get it back by
applying the Unofficial DOS Patch, which modifies COMMAND.COM + IO.SYS (from C:\Windows\Command\EBD) +
REGENV32.EXE (from C:\Windows\System) to allow Windows ME to boot to native MS-DOS and use DOS mode startup files
(AUTOEXEC.BAT + CONFIG.SYS), Windows 95/98 style, to be able to use your (old) MS-DOS based apps/games that do NOT work from
within a Windows DOS session/box.
If you didn't, just download Microsoft Old MS-DOS 6.22
Utilities (include UNDELETE.EXE) for Windows 9x/ME [836 KB, free].
I recommend placing UNDELETE.EXE into your
C:\Windows\Command folder for easy access, because this directory is already listed on the default PATH.
If you still have
the ol' C:\DOS (or C:\MSDOS) directory (for those who upgraded from a previous MS-DOS version to Windows 9x/ME), look for the
UNDELETE.EXE file, also found on your Win95 retail Setup CD ONLY [NOT Win95B/95C OSR 2.x or Win98/ME!], in the
Before properly using it to recover your lost files, there is one more thing you need to do. In
DOS mode [of course :)], run this command line (after you have exited Windows 9x/ME to native MS-DOS, or rebooted to MS-DOS
mode, the equivalent of the "Command prompt only" option from the Windows 95/98 Startup
Menu:LOCK C:This internal command built into MS-DOS 7.xx/8.00 secures the hard drive of
your choice (in this case drive C:), to make it useable by UNDELETE!
You can use multiple drive parameters to enable the
LOCK command on all your drives/partitions (example):LOCK C: D: E:Add/change drive letter(s)
Now you're ready to get your files back by "UNDELETE-ing" them.
After recovering your files, run this
command to return Windows 9x/ME OS to its normal operation mode, but DO NOT TRY TO RESTART the Windows interface with the
LOCK switch ON:UNLOCK C:This is opposite to the LOCK command, disabling direct access to
a drive/partition for all programs.
Of course, you also need to be familiar with UNDELETE's command line parameters, and
you also need to know which directories (folders) your lost files were located into before the "accident".
Run:HELP UNDELETEto learn more about this native DOS mode ONLY tool, or:UNDELETE
/?from any DOS prompt, to display its available switches:
"UNDELETE - A delete protection facility
Copyright (C) 1987-1993 Central Point Software, Inc.
All rights reserved.
Restores files previously deleted with the DEL command.
UNDELETE [[drive:][path]filename] [/DT | /DS | /DOS]
UNDELETE [/LIST | /ALL | /PURGE[DRIVE] | /STATUS | /LOAD | /UNLOAD
/UNLOAD | /S[DRIVE] | /T[DRIVE]-entrys ]]
/LIST Lists the deleted files available to be recovered.
/ALL Recovers files without prompting for confirmation.
/DOS Recovers files listed as deleted by MS-DOS.
/DT Recovers files protected by Delete Tracker.
/DS Recovers files protected by Delete Sentry.
/LOAD Loads Undelete into memory for delete protection.
/UNLOAD Unloads Undelete from memory.
/PURGE[drive] Purges all files in the Delete Sentry directory.
/STATUS Display the protection method in effect for each drive.
/S[drive] Enables Delete Sentry method of protection.
/T[drive][-entrys] Enables Delete Tracking method of protection.
UNDELETE, and UNFORMAT Copyright (C) 1987-1993 Central Point Software."1 LAST WORD: [or maybe 2 ;-)] Stay
safe → BACKUP
FIRST!Back 2 Contents
11-27-97 Win9x ©Trick in MYTIPS95.TXT, part of W95-11D.EXE:
THE RENAMING GAME
This message was sent by T.J.:
"I want to thank you for your tips files. I am a blind computer user, and this information is very, very helpful.
have configured my system to use the dual boot feature of win95.
I am confused about the files that win95 renames during boot up. The bak9x.bat file fails to detect WINBOOT.SYS, when is WINBOOT.SYS to be in the root
directory? It is always in my root directory. Are the *.W40 files to be hidden or visible?
Would you be able to explain the boot sequence of win95, what files are renamed and when? If win95 is chosen, which files are
renamed and active, if dos 62 is chosen, which files are renamed and active?"A:
As a consequence, I decided to list here all Win9x/DOS 6.xx root directory boot files, and the
Win9x renaming routine, when you dual-boot on a machine containing both Windows 9x (MS-DOS 7.xx) and MS-DOS 6.xx Operating Systems (OSes).
Here is my answer to TJ:
"I am deeply moved by your kind appreciation
regarding my tips files.
About the Win95 file renaming issue:
WINBOOT.SYS is only found when you boot into MS-DOS 6, and it's actually the Win95 (MS-DOS 7) version of IO.SYS.
On a dual boot system (using Win95,
a.k.a. MS-DOS 7, and MS-DOS 6), you'll find the following renamed files (all located in the root directory/folder of the boot drive/partition):
the purpose of my batch file is to properly execute the specific OS backup/restore function, depending on the existence of DOS 7 IO.SYS, renamed to WINBOOT.SYS in DOS 6.
- When you boot into DOS 6:
- DOS 7
AUTOEXEC.BAT is renamed to AUTOEXEC.W40.
- DOS 7 CONFIG.SYS is renamed to CONFIG.W40.
- DOS 7 COMMAND.COM is renamed to COMMAND.W40.
- DOS 7 MSDOS.SYS is renamed to MSDOS.W40 (hidden, read-only, system file).
- DOS 7
IO.SYS is renamed to WINBOOT.SYS (hidden, read-only, system file).
- When you boot into Win95 (DOS 7):
- DOS 6 AUTOEXEC.BAT is renamed to AUTOEXEC.DOS.
- DOS 6 CONFIG.SYS is renamed to
- DOS 6 COMMAND.COM is renamed to COMMAND.DOS.
- DOS 6 MSDOS.SYS is renamed to MSDOS.DOS (hidden, read-only, system file).
- DOS 6 IO.SYS is renamed to IO.DOS (hidden, read-only, system file).
The file (WINBOOT.SYS) has the hidden (H),
read-only (R) and system (S) attributes, but that doesn't matter, it is nonetheless recognized by the batch routine. Example:IF EXIST C:\WINBOOT.SYS GOTO DOS6
IF NOT EXIST C:\WINBOOT.SYS GOTO
DOS7Why it can't be found on your system, the way I see it, there is only one explanation: you need to modify the batch file to include the full path to the file (as shown in the above example), which is
always located in the root directory of the boot drive/partition, C:\ by default."FYI: In Windows 98/98 SE/ME IO.SYS is renamed to JO.SYS (Windows 95 renames its IO.SYS to WINBOOT.SYS), if you
are booting to an older MS-DOS version (6.xx) in a dual-boot environment provided by the Win95/98 Startup Menu option 8 (on networked or TCP/IP systems): "Previous version of MS-DOS".
Read "DUAL BOOT" in MYTIPS95.TXT and "DUAL-BOOT IN OSR2/WIN98", also in OSR2TIPS.TXT [both part of W95-11D.EXE], to learn how to properly dual-boot
with your version of Windows 98 or OSR2.Back 2 Contents
3-11-98 Updated Win9x/ME Original ©Trick in MYTIPS95.TXT, part of W95-11D.EXE:
SHRINK THE REGISTRY!
This is a tremendous time saver. Windows 95/98/ME Registry database made by these 2 Hidden/Read-only/System files:
SYSTEM.DAT + USER.DAT [+ CLASSES.DAT in WinME], all located in your Windows folder, grows in size every time
you install a new program/game or make changes to your machine (install/upgrade hardware peripherals) to "Gargantuelian"
proportions. This only slows down the overall performance of your system.To do this in Windows ME, FIRST you need to:
To do this in Windows NT (NOT
2000, XP or 2003!), see these guides:But because you sometimes also uninstall
programs, the Registry contains "holes" that do not reduce its size, but clutter the .DAT files and therefore slow down Windows GUI operation. You'd
be surprised how many times Win9x accesses the Registry files only by executing a routine task, like simply clicking
something with your mouse. :(
- Regain access to MS-DOS mode by installing the Unofficial DOS Patch, which modifies
COMMAND.COM + IO.SYS (from C:\Windows\Command\EBD) + REGENV32.EXE (from C:\Windows\System) to allow Windows ME to boot to
native MS-DOS and use DOS mode startup files (AUTOEXEC.BAT + CONFIG.SYS), Windows 95/98 style.
- Disable System Restore:
open Control Panel → System → Performance Tab → File
System → Troubleshooting
area → disable System Restore.
- See "2 DOS OR NOT 2 DOS", "MS-DOS PROMPT" + "DOS NOW!", all also in MYTIPS95.TXT [part of W95-11D.EXE], to learn how to boot to native/real/true/pure MS-DOS.
- Read on...
Happily I found a solution to this problem. All you need to do is use the Registry editor
(%windir%\REGEDIT.EXE, found in your Windows directory), but ONLY IN native/real/true/pure MS-DOS MODE OUTSIDE
Use REGEDIT's command line switches to recreate the Registry from a .REG file.FYI:
[Thank you ERPMan!]MANDATORY:
- "The fastest way to 'shrink' the Registry in Win98/ME is to run SCANREG with the /OPT switch, in native MS-DOS mode outside Windows. It's much
faster than running REGEDIT with the /E and then the /C switch. This works ONLY with single user systems, because user
profiles are NOT enabled!
WinME users can use either method, since both SCANREG and REGEDIT can compress USER.DAT files
for multiple users (CLASSES.DAT, SYSTEM.DAT + USER.DAT).
- The fixed REGEDIT.EXE also prevents accidental merging of REG
files in Win95/OSR2. When (double-)clicking on a *.REG file, it will prompt whether to add the info into the Registry or not,
just like the Win98/ME versions of Regedit."
REGEDITYou will be presented
with this screen:
- Download one of these FIXed RegEdit tools (free) for ALL
Windows 95/95a OSR1/95B OSR2/95C OSR2.5/98/98 SE releases (NOT WinME!) and replace the executable in your main Windows folder [%windir% = default is C:\WINDOWS] with this one:A backup is NOT necessary, because ALL original REGEDIT.EXE files from ALL
Windows 95/95a OSR1/95B OSR2/95C OSR2.5/98/98 SE Setup CD-ROMs are BUGgy!
- Exit to the native MS-DOS mode C:\ prompt OUTSIDE Windows and run:
Use REGSHORT.BAT (a batch file I created) to do all these
operations in 1 swift move. REGSHORT.BAT is included with W95-11D.EXE.
Imports and exports registry files to and from the registry.
REGEDIT [/L:system] [/R:user] filename1
REGEDIT [/L:system] [/R:user] /C filename2
REGEDIT [/L:system] [/R:user] /E filename3 [regpath1]
REGEDIT [/L:system] [/R:user] /D regpath2
/L:system Specifies the location of the SYSTEM.DAT file.
/R:user Specifies the location of the USER.DAT file.
filename1 Specifies the file(s) to import into the registry.
/C filename2 Specifies the file to create the registry from.
/E filename3 Specifies the file to export the registry to.
regpath1 Specifies the starting registry key to export from.
(Defaults to exporting the entire registry).
/D regpath2 Specifies the registry key to delete. Win98/ME ONLY!
/S UNDOCUMENTED [USE WITH CAUTION!]: executes all
REGEDIT command line operations quietly, without
ANY confirmation. Available ONLY in Windows GUI
See "UNATTENDED REGISTRATION" for details.
To view/edit REGSHORT.BAT lines, open it in Notepad.No need to backup your Registry, because REGSHORT also copies your
original Registry files: SYSTEM.DAT + USER.DAT [+ CLASSES.DAT if using WinME] to the newly created C:\REGBAK folder.
With a little luck, this trick may "shrink" your Registry anywhere from 500 KB to 1 MB! Wow!
Talk about saving time and disk space!
And from now on you'll notice a slight speed increase while happily working in Windows. :) Have fun!IMPORTANT:Back 2 Contents
11-26-97 Win9x ©Trick in TIPS95.TXT, part of W95-11D.EXE:
CD-ROM CODE - Part 2
The trick below appears courtesy of The Captain.
It refers to common Windows 95 (OSR1 and OSR2) and Windows
applications install problems, especially useful in case you lost (misplaced) the cd-rom code (key)."Most Microsoft CD-ROM
keys are very simple. The first three digits before the hyphen can be absolutely anything you like. The sum of the remaining
seven digits must be a factor of 7. So you can use: 111-1111111, 222-2222222 etc."UPDATES:
Back 2 Contents
10-10-95 Win9x/ME Registry ©Trick in REGISTRY.TXT, part of W95-11D.EXE:
- "Windows 95, MS Plus! and MS Office 95 (and others that accept 3.7 keys) will accept 111-1111111, and MS Office
97 accepts 1112-1111111.
Also, it seems that SUPPORT is available for such numbers. I managed to install Office 97 Service
Release 1 after entering such a code. :-)"
This update courtesy of Yuri.
- "This is the
generic OEM key for Win95 (works on all versions I believe):
If there needs to be another digit
in the 0003121 part, add a zero after the 3."
This update courtesy of LikwidQewL.
Even if your motherboard BIOS Setup doesn't support/include an option to turn off the annoying NumLock key upon
(re)boot, you can still do this by hacking your Windows 95/98/ME Registry.
To have your NumLock key turned ON or OFF upon
Windows GUI startup, open Regedit and go to (valid only for the current user):HKEY_CURRENT_USER\Control Panel\Microsoft Input Devicesor to (valid for all users):HKEY_USERS\.Default\Control Panel\Microsoft Input Devices(Double-)click on "Microsoft Input
Devices" → click New → select Key → name this new key "Keyboard" (don't type the
quotes) → highlight "Keyboard" → right-click on it → click New → select
String Value → type in NumLock → click OK → right-click on NumLock → click
Modify → type ON to turn the NumLock key on or OFF to turn it off (case insensitive) → click OK.
Note that this Registry tweak works mostly
with PS/2 and USB keyboards built by Microsoft (with MS IntelliType software installed), but may or may not work with other (3rd party) keyboards. :(
You can turn on/off the
Caps Lock and/or Scroll Lock keys in a similar manner.
Just add 2 new String Values under the same Registry subkey above
and name them "CapsLock" and "ScrollLock" respectively (no quotes). Then (double-)click on each of them and type
either ON or OFF.
Now close Regedit and then press F5, after left-clicking your mouse once into an empty
Desktop area, so the changes can take effect without restarting Windows.If you are using a CONFIG.SYS file (located in C:\
root) to boot up, you can also turn your NumLock key OFF by adding this line to your CONFIG.SYS (edit it with Notepad/Sysedit
in Windows or EDIT.COM in DOS):NUMLOCK=OFFThis CONFIG.SYS line turns NumLock back
ON:NUMLOCK=ONSave your file and reboot.
Both these commands work with ANY
keyboard and are case insensitive.FYI: Open CONFIG.TXT (located in your Windows 9x/ME
folder) using Notepad to read the details about all available CONFIG.SYS commands.TIP: To learn
how to turn ON/OFF NumLock in Windows NT4/2000/XP/2003, see "TURN OFF NUMLOCK", also in REGISTRY.TXT [part of W95-11D.EXE].Back 2 Contents
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