You can control the way your Windows 95/98/NT4/2000/ME/XP/2003/Vista/2008/7/2012/8/8.1/2012 R2/10 system and Internet Explorer [unfortunately integrated into the OS :(] restricts/allows access to certain areas or
features (especially useful on multiuser machines) without having to mess with PolEdit (Policy Editor = %windir%\Poledit.exe), the default Windows 95/98/ME administrative control tool, which needs to be installed
separately from your Win9x Setup CD-ROM. The bad news is Microsoft removed PolEdit from Windows ME, but you can get it back. See "The Registry" [Intro chapter],
also in REGISTRY.TXT [part of W95-11D.EXE], for more info. Windows NTx (2000, XP, 2003, Vista, 2008, 7, 8, 8.1, 2012, 10) users have a greater variety of administrative tools at their disposal, designed
for tweaking system + security policies, as part of the free Microsoft Windows 2003 Resource Kit (RK) Tools. GPEDIT.MSC is the "daddy" of all policy editing tools.FYI: Some of these security issues are detailed @ Microsoft (examples):
All you have to do is modify the Registry Values listed below, either manually using the Registry Editor (%windir%\Regedit.exe), or save them as text .REG files (in Notepad) for future use, eventually on more
than one computer. I named mine RESTRICT.REG (example). Without further ado, start Regedit and go to:HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE\SOFTWARE\Microsoft\Windows\CurrentVersion\PoliciesLook in
the left hand pane for these subkeys: Explorer, Network, Ratings, System, ActiveDesktop + WinOldApp. If they are not present, create them:
right-click → New → Key → Name it to one of the
values listed above. Now you need to create (or modify if already there) the following DWORD [REG_DWORD] values listed further below under the subkeys above. To create a new DWORD value: right-click
→ New → DWORD → name it to one of the values listed
further below. To modify one of these DWORD values: right-click on the one you want → select Modify → check
the Decimal box → give it a value of 1 (to disable access to a certain system feature/area), or a value of 0 (to enable access to a certain system
feature/area). These are the valid DWORD values (if not specified otherwise) you can change under the following subkeys:
AllowLegacyWebView = enable/disable display of
registered Web View HTML templates (Folder.htt) (Win2000/XP/2003 ONLY)
AllowUnhashedWebView = enable/disable display of unregistered Web View HTML templates (Folder.htt) (Win2000/XP/2003 ONLY)
enable/disable display of security message for potentially unsafe Web View HTML templates (Folder.htt) (Win2000/XP/2003 ONLY) Requires "AllowLegacyWebView" (see above)
ClearRecentDocsOnExit = enable/disable
Clear of Recent Documents upon exit
DisableRegistryTools = enable/disable Registry Editing tools WARNING: IF you disable the Registry Editor interface (GUI) mode, you will NOT
be able to modify ANY Registry settings anymore, and the ONLY way to (re)enable/disable system restrictions is to run/merge/register/install a .REG/.INF/.VBS/.HTA file from the DOS console/box command line or by running a BATch
file (.BAT in Win95/98/ME or .CMD in WinNT4/2000/XP/2003/Vista/2008/7/8/8.1/2012)!
ForceClassicControlPanel = enable/disable Classic Control Panel (WinXP/2003 ONLY)
Similar settings for Explorer, Network, System and ActiveDesktop can be also found under these Registry keys:HKEY_USERS\.Default\Software\Microsoft\Windows\CurrentVersion\Policiesand:HKEY_CURRENT_USER\Software\Microsoft\Windows\CurrentVersion\PoliciesIf
there is only one user, the ".Default" key above contains all global system settings. If more than one user, each user has its own subkey here, named after the User Name(s) found in Control Panel
→ Users, and the Registry settings located under a user's subkey are valid only for that specific user. If you (double-)click on any of these keys, you'll see 3
subkeys in the left hand pane: Explorer, Network and System. Create (or modify if already present) the following Binary (hex) [REG_BINARY] values listed below
under the subkeys above. To create a new Binary value: right-click → New → Binary
→ Name it to one of the values listed below. To modify one of these Binary [hex] values: (double-)click on the one you want
→ give it a value of 01 00 00 00 (to disable access to a certain system feature/area), or a value of 00 00 00 00 (to enable access to a certain
system feature/area). Don't type the spaces, they will be inserted automatically.Explorer subkey valid DWORD values
(if not specified otherwise) that can be changed (some are valid ONLY for Win98/ME and/or MS IE 4/5/6):
CDRAutoRun [hex] = enable/disable CD-R(W)/DVD-R(W) drive(s) AutoRun command NOTE: This setting needs specific CD-R(W)/DVD-R(W) software installed, like Roxio (Adaptec) Easy CD Creator.
Most of the "CURRENT_USER" settings, especially the ones that affect the entire system, change
automatically when you modify the similar values under the "LOCAL_MACHINE" Registry key (see above). Most of these
values affect ONLY Internet Explorer versions 3, 4, 5 and 6, and CAN be changed separately in the "CURRENT_USER" key,
without influencing the overall system operation. ANY changes to these settings under ANY of these Registry keys require a
Windows restart to take effect.The MS Internet Explorer 4.0x/5.xx/6.xx restrictions are found under these Registry
keys:HKEY_CURRENT_USER\Software\Policies\Microsoft\Internet Explorer\Restrictionsand:HKEY_USERS\.Default\Software\Policies\Microsoft\Internet Explorer\Restrictionsif there is
only one user. If more than one user, the ".Default" key above is replaced with each "UserName" key. All Values
are in DWORD format. Type in the Decimal box for the desired Value: 1 to disable or 0 to enable the respective
NoBrowserContextMenu = enable/disable HTML context
NoBrowserClose = enable/disable Close/Exit in File Menu and Alt+F4
NoBrowserSaveAs = enable/disable Save and Save
As in File menu
NoBrowserOptions = enable/disable Internet Options/Properties in View menu
NoFavorites = enable/disable
Favorites in File Menu and Alt+A
NoFileOpen = enable/disable Open in File menu, Ctrl+O and Ctrl+L
enable/disable New in File Menu and Ctrl+N
NoFileUrl = enable/disable local URL files access
enable/disable Find Menu and F3
NoSelectDownloadDir = enable/disable Save As dialog box upon file
NoTheaterMode = enable/disable Full Screen (kiosk mode) and F11
The Internet Properties
restrictions for MS Internet Explorer 4.0x/5.xx/6.xx (also found as a Control Panel applet) are located under this Registry
Panelif there is only one user. If more than one user, the ".Default" key above is replaced with each
"UserName" key. All Values are in DWORD format. Type in the Decimal box for the desired Value: 1 to disable or
0 to enable the respective tab/setting/button. Changing ANY of these settings does NOT require restarting
Wallet = enable/disable MS Wallet settings (MS IE 5.xx and newer ONLY)
policy restrictions for MS Net Meeting/Conferencing reside under this Registry key:HKEY_USERS\.Default\Software\Policies\Microsoft\Conferencingif there is only one user. If
more than one user, the ".Default" key above is replaced with each "UserName" key. All Values are in DWORD
format. Type in the Decimal box for the desired Value:1 to disable or 0 to enable the respective
restriction. Changing ANY of these settings does NOT require restarting Windows:
CallSecurity = enable/disable call security
IntranetWebDirURL = enable/disable intranet web
NoSharingDosWindows = enable/disable sharing
DOS + Windows
NoSharingExplorer = enable/disable sharing Explorer
NoTrueColorSharing = enable/disable sharing true
NoVideoPage = enable/disable video control
NoWebDirectory = enable/disable web directory
= enable/disable auto config
MS IE 4.0x/5.xx/6.xx Web Check tool (%windir%\System\Loadwc.exe launched by
%windir%\System\Webcheck.dll) Registry Values are stored under:HKEY_USERS\.Default\Software\Microsoft\Windows\CurrentVersion\Webcheckif only one user. If
more than one user, the ".Default" key is replaced by each "UserName" key. Both Values are DWORDs. Decimal box
values: 1 (disables) and 0 (enables) each function. Changes to these settings take effect without restarting
To permanenly add the needed "Open with..." command to all the right-click file context menus, you need to
apply this Registry tweak. Launch Regedit and go to:HKEY_CLASSES_ROOT\Unknown\shell\openas\commandIn the right hand pane, you can see the
"(Default)" string which has this command line as value:rundll32.exe
shell32.dll,OpenAs_RunDLL %1(Double-)click on "(Default)", hold the CTRL key and press C (or right-click and
select Copy) to copy this entire command line to the clipboard, and then click Cancel. Don't make ANY changes at this
point! Now go to:HKEY_CLASSES_ROOT\*and highlight the "*" key (asterisk).
Right-click on it and select New Key. Name this new subkey "shell".NOTE: Don't type the
quotes for any of the keys or values mentioned here.Right-click on the "shell" key and add a new subkey named
"openas". Right-click on "openas" and add a new subkey named "command". Now (double-)click on the
"(Default)" string in the right hand pane, hold the Ctrl key and press V (or right-click and select Paste) to paste
here the command line you have copied earlier. Click OK and close the Registry editor. From now on a new "Open
with..." context menu selection will appear whenever you right-click on any highlighted file.UPDATE: "After implementing this Registry tweak all my MS Office Shortcut Bar buttons were broken. Every
time I clicked one I would get the "Open with" dialog box." [Thank you Meteor!]
Setting a Windows 95/98/ME (or Windows/WfWG 3.1x for that matter = both cases are discussed here) fixed size swap
file will drastically reduce the thrashing (frequent access) your hard disk constantly takes from the Windows Dynapage VXD
[Virtual eXtended (protected mode) Driver], thus avoiding the continuous variable size swap file resizing (default
operation), and therefore spend less time listening to your hard drive churning. :) Basically the swap file supplements
system RAM (real memory) with disk space (virtual memory). Windows manages virtual memory by "swapping" ("dumping") chunks
of data from system RAM (much faster), when physical RAM runs out, to the fixed disk (much slower), by writing them to the
swap file (this is called "paging"), from where it can be later retrieved and used as needed.
WINDOWS 95/98/ME USERS:To do this, begin by right-clicking on My Computer → select Properties →
Performance tab → Virtual Memory Settings →disable Virtual Memory completely→ click OK twice
→ restart Windows. Next, unload all unneeded programs/devices/TSRs/runtimes/etc that load (when the Windows GUI starts up) from your
Registry or Startup folder, by disabling them using the Startup
Control Panel applet (freeware). Restart Windows when done. Now Defragment fully all your hard disk(s)/partitions
using the Windows built-in Defrag.exe tool. Win98/ME users: make sure the "Rearrange program files so my
programs start faster" Defrag option is enabled. After you're done, right-click on My Computer again → select
Properties → Performance tab → Virtual Memory Settings → select a new permanent swap file by setting the Minimum and
Maximum sizes the SAME→ click OK twice → restart Windows. Finally, use Startup CPL again to reenable all previously
disabled programs. From now on you'll enjoy less time waiting for your hard disk to spin. :)
USERS:Open Control Panel → 386 Enhanced → Virtual Memory →disable the swap file completely. Exit Windows,
Defragment all your hard disk(s)/partitions using the MS-DOS 6.xx mode DEFRAG.EXE tool. If using a dual-boot setup
(Win31/DOS6 + Win9x/ME) you MUST use the Win9x/ME 32-bit Defrag tool to preserve Long File Names (LFNs)! Then restart
Windows again → reopen Control Panel → 386 Enhanced → Virtual Memory → set up your
new permanent swap file by setting the Minimum and Maximum sizes the SAME.
95/98/ME USERS:To determine the maximum upper limit of your fixed swap file, to accomodate all possible situations,
even if running disk/graphics intensive apps/games, you need to benchmark your machine using the System Monitor tool
(Sysmon.exe, located in your Win9x/ME folder). Click the Start button → Run... → type sysmon→ click
OK. Now make sure this is the ONLY item on the SysMon display: click Edit → Add item... → click Memory Manager →
select "Swap file in use" → click OK → click File → Start logging... → choose
a path for Sysmon.log → click Save. Load up your most demanding application(s)/game(s) (a 3D rendering program like Photoshop, 3D Studio, LightWave
etc, or a 3D game like Unreal Tournament, Quake III, MDK2 etc usually does the trick), and try to perform the most
disk/memory/CPU intensive tasks you can think of, not forgetting multitasking. :) When done, open Sysmon.log in
Notepad, and look at the largest number (in KiloBytes) down the list. Add another 41,280 KB (40 MB) to this value to
make sure your system will never go over this limit, and then either type this new number into both Virtual Memory Settings
boxes above (in MB), or on both SYSTEM.INI lines above (in KB). Either way, restart Windows when done.
3.1x USERS:Use a Win31 monitoring/benchmark tool like WinMag WinTune 2.0 [1.2 MB, free], to determine the maximum
swap file size used when running the most disk/memory/CPU intensive apps/games. Then look at the largest number (in
KiloBytes) which represents the maximum size of the used swap file. Add another 41,280 KB (40 MB) to this value to
make sure your system will never go over this limit, and then type this new number on both SYSTEM.INI lines above (in KB).
Restart Windows when done.
This is ONLY my own estimate. You'll have to figure out yours, taking in consideration the
types of software used (3D games, CD burning, true color image rendering/editing, desktop publishing etc), to have your
system run smoothly.More info: Swap file optimization
If your modem is timing out (you experience too long delays) while performing file transfers or loading web pages,
you might want to increase the inactivity timeout period. Run Regedit and go to:HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE\System\CurrentControlSet\Services\Class\Modem\00nn\Settings00nn is
the integer number assigned to your modem (valid values: 0000 - 0050). Example: 0000. You'll see the
"InactivityTimeout" String in the right hand pane, which has an integer number inside brackets, representing the modem
timeout in minutes. (Double-)click on "InactivityTimeout" and give it the value of your choice. Example:"InactivityTimeout"=<60>Default is 30 minutes.NOTE:
3COM/US Robotics modems might have a default S19=<#> value string assigned as
"InactivityTimeout" (30 minutes).
WARNING: Take extreme caution when using this so-called FIX. Reports say that Win95 Long
File Names (LFNs) information (especially Windows 95 retail + MS Plus! 95 users: see "UPDATE:"
further below) can be PERMANENTLY LOST IF enabling this undocumented feature! The good news is Windows 98 and ME (all
releases) do NOT exhibit this BUG. If you don't have a problem with reading truncated Long File Names in an
OS/environment/application that doesn't support LFNs, please resist the temptation of doing this! By default Windows 9x/ME
creates 8 character alias names for long file and directory (folder) names. Short File Names (SFNs) are relevant only in a
mixed computing environment (MS-DOS 5.00/6.xx, Windows/WfWG 3.xx AND Win9x/NT/2000/ME/XP/2003), which share files and
directories with systems that do not support LFNs. More info @ MSKB:
To have a folder
show as "New Documents" in Win9x/ME [and 32-bit (Win32) applications], but have the short directory name display as
"DOCUMENT" [in Windows/WfWG 3.xx and 16-bit (Win16) applications] instead of the trucated "NEWDOC~1", follow
the steps below:
Start your LFNs with the short version: rename the above folder to read
"DOCUMENTS-NEW", which resolves to "DOCUME~1" (don't type the quotes).
Start Regedit and go to:HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE\System\CurrentControlSet\Control\FileSystemGet rid of the unwanted tildes
(~) by adding a new DWORD Value called "NameNumericTail": right-click → click New → click DWORD → give it
the name "NameNumericTail" (no quotes). Now (double-)click on it → check the Decimal box → finally type "0" (no
The folder name in the above example (assuming there wasn't a \DOCUMENT directory already present)
resolves to the correct short name: 8.3 characters (DOS specific).To revert to Windows default setting (tildes are
enabled), delete the "NameNumericTail" DWORD Value from the Registry subkey above.CAUTION: Do NOT rename the "Program Files" folder to ANYTHING else, because many (especially
older) applications assume its short file name should be "PROGRA~1"! Such programs that use the hard coded directory
name (due to poor programming practices) will install correctly, but WILL have difficulty finding resources/libraries (DLLs)
afterwards.TIP: TweakUI, the free, unsupported
Microsoft Power Toy [110 KB], also has the ability of getting rid of the tildes in LFNs.UPDATE: "Setting NameNumericTail=0 causes 2 major problems addressed in these MSKB articles:
To use a Logitech (or compatible) middle mouse button as a (double-)click (valid for 3-button mice users), run Regedit
and go to:HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE\SOFTWARE\Logitech\MouseWare\CurrentVersion\Serial\0000Some
Logitech mice might be installed under one of these other keys:HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE\SOFTWARE\Logitech\MouseWare\CurrentVersion\SerialM\0000or:HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE\SOFTWARE\Logitech\Mouseware\CurrentVersion\SerialV\0000Your rodent might
reside under the "0001" or "0002" subkeys, not necessarily under "0000". In the right hand pane,
(double-)click the "DoubleClick" String value and change its value from "000" to "001" (no
quotes).UPDATE: "This only works with Logitech mice and only for a (double-)click. But there is a
freeware program called Cool
Mouse 97 [234 KB] which works with ANY 3-button or 2-button mouse, and provides multiple mode features, a must have for all 3-button mice users." [Thank you
To turn off AOL Instant Messages (IMs) so they won't pop up while you're in the middle of doing something else, log
on to AOL and follow these steps:
Hold Ctrl and
press I to open the IM box.
Type:$im_offin the IM Send to box.
(anything) in the body of the IM message box.
To turn AOL Instant Messages back on:
Hold Ctrl and press I to open the IM box.
IM Send to box.
Type something (anything) in the body of the IM message box.
(some steps may differ slightly depending on your AOL version):
Click the Favorites icon.
Click the "Add Favorite Place" button to create a new item.
In the "Enter the Place's Description:" box
type:IM OFFor any other suggestive name you wish.
In the "Enter the Internet
Address:" box type:aol://9293:$im_off
(Double-)click "IM OFF" to
turn off AOL Instant Messages.
To turn IMs back on:
Click the Favorites icon.
Click the "Add Favorite Place" button to create a new item.
In the "Enter the Place's Description:" box
type:IM ONor any other suggestive name you wish.
In the "Enter the Internet
Address:" box type:aol://9293:$im_on
(Double-)click "IM ON" to
turn on AOL Instant Messages.
(applies ONLY to Windows 9x users):
Set AOL KillTimer for Win9x [74 KB, freeware] to disable all IM pop-ups.
KillTimer can also automatically push the "Yes/OK" button whenever the annoying message generated after 45 minutes of online
inactivity shows up.
This tip applies to Windows 95/OSR1/OSR2/NT4 systems ONLY IF you installed MS IE 4/5/6 or newer, and to Windows
98/ME/2000/XP/2003, which come all with MS IE 4/5/6 "built-in" [NO choice here! :(], but you can upgrade later to the newest MS IE release (MS IE 6.0 SP1 is current as of this writing), to benefit from all those
"nifty" bug fixes and CRITICAL security patches. :) You can change the Internet Explorer title bar name to whatever you
want. Just start Regedit and go to (all users):HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE\SOFTWARE\Microsoft\Internet Explorer\Mainor to (if only one user):HKEY_USERS\.Default\Software\Microsoft\Internet Explorer\Mainand/or to (currently logged on
user):HKEY_CURRENT_USER\Software\Microsoft\Internet Explorer\MainModify (or create if not
present) the "Window Title" String Value in the right hand pane (don't type the quotes) to show the name of your
choice: right-click in the right hand pane → select New → String Value → name it "Window Title" (no quotes)
→ (double-)click on it → type your own, customized MS IE title bar name (for example I use IE6) → click OK or
press Enter. Default is "Microsoft Internet Explorer". To revert to default, simply delete the "Window Title"
String Value. Close the Registry Editor and open an Iexplore.exe window to see the change.BTW:
If you prefer to open IE in full screen (kiosk) mode (e.g. by hitting F11 when NOT full screen) you won't see the title bar
though. :(More info @ MSKB.
Courtesy of Asrepka."Here's another way of finding out who made your no name
modem or other add-on cards for your PC. Open up your computer case, and take out the no name card. Write down the FCC ID
number on the card. Plug the card back in and close up your machine. Go to this FCC web page. Type in the FCC ID number, and then search their database. You will know now who made
your no name card and then you can search the web for updated drivers."
Another cool tip sent by The Captain. Enjoy."You aren't limited to just the number of characters (letters, symbols
and numbers) on your keyboard. In fact, you could have dozens of characters you never knew about. Example:.The above is what you get if you hold down
ALT and press 3 or 4 numbers on your numeric keypad.These are known as ASCII characters, useful for putting in
non-standard keyboard characters and symbols for various purposes. Most of them should work in Wordpad, MS Word and other
text editors as well, such as EDIT.COM (MS-DOS program)."NOTES:
similar plain text editors/viewers, including EDIT.COM, the MS-DOS mode text editor) cannot display properly some of the
extra ASCII characters above. Therefore I recommend using a better text editor or your favorite word processor to
The standard ASCII (American Standard Code for Information Interchange) characters and symbols
keyboard code combos are listed in MSDOSDRV.TXT (the ANSI.SYS section), a text file located in your Windows folder (Windows
98/OSR2/95 users). Similarly, MS-DOS 6.xx users can run the HELP command from any DOS prompt, and then read the ANSI.SYS
section to access the ASCII codes.
The Character Map tool (Charmap.exe) included with all Windows/WfWG releases,
and found in the Windows directory, shows the key code equivalent for each character supported by the installed
"The Character Map tool (Charmap.exe) can be used in Windows
2000/XP/newer to enter other non-ASCII characters supported by installed fonts. Windows 9x/ME users can also do this by using BabelMap
(donationware)." [Thank you JP!]
"There is a freeware replacement called Extended Character Map (ECM). It gives a
larger rendering of each character in a particular font and a large preview of a selected character. It's useful for small screen users, and those of us who must squint at the Windows version to make out the characters." [Thank
This tip applies to all America Online members who:
use Windows 95/98 OS;
use AOL v3.0
software client 32-bit for Windows 95/98 [this does NOT work with AOL 4.0 or 5.0!];
connect to AOL through another
(primary) ISP (Internet Service Provider);
log to the Internet using Win95/98 TCP/IP PPP protocol through the Dial-Up
Networking (DUN) applet, configured for the primary ISP.
NOTE: This tip is NOT valid for AOL
4/5 users, who have to configure the built-in AOL protocol for TCP/IP connections. See your AOL 4.0/5.0 help files for
details.I'm going to use in this example AT&T Worldnet as primary ISP. This means your DUN must be configured to log
on to Worldnet FIRST. You should be able to log on to the Internet by (double-)clicking the Worldnet icon on your
desktop.NOTE: To learn how to "squeeze" maximum performance out of your DUN connection using your
ISP, read "SPEEDUP MY DUN!", also in TIPS95.TXT [part of W95-11D.EXE].Then you have the choice of starting your favorite web browser and surf away, or/and check
your e-mail on AOL the same time (like I do). And AOL membership is only $9.95/month for unlimited use, if using another
ISP to connect (the so-called "BYOA" option = Bring Your Own Access). See details at AOL Keyword: BYOA. I use a
local provider (TWR Online) as my primary ISP, which charges only $10.75/month for unlimited use (with an anual fee of $129).
Therefore my monthly online charges amount to a grand total of $20.70, including AOL's $9.95/month, which allows me to use
both for less than AOL's standard fee of $21.95/month (their unlimited use option). Worldnet has its own proprietary
method of starting AOL through a link found usually at the top of your web browser's Bookmark file/Favorites folder. But this
may be time consuming, because you need to connect to Worldnet's server every time you want to access the AOL link. :( BUT
luckily there is a workaround. :) This solution is valid no matter which primary ISP you are using, as long as you meet
ALL conditions enumerated at the beginning of this topic. Just follow the easy steps below to start AOL locally, without
using Worldnet's (or your primary ISP's) remote AOL link.
Create a new shortcut on your desktop for AOL
3.0: right-click on an empty spot on your desktop.
Browse to your AOL 3.0
(Double-)click the AOL.EXE (or WAOL.EXE) executable.
Type in these parameters on the command line AFTER aol.exe
(or waol.exe), separated by a space (AOL 3.0 is installed by default in the C:\AOL30 folder):C:\AOL30\AOL.EXE -aATT -cTCP.CCLor:C:\AOL30\WAOL.EXE -aATT
Optional: change your AOL shortcut's name and/or icon if you so desire. HINT: You can use the AOL custom icon (the small magenta sphere in the
middle of a triangle) found in MYICONS.DLL [download MYICONS.ZIP],
also part of W95-11D.EXE.
Bingo! If you (double-)click your new AOL shortcut, you'll see a new AT&T icon to the right, on AOL's main menu bar. If you click the AT&T icon, AOL simply shuts
down if you are not signed on (offline mode), or logs off and then exits if you happen to be online. The "-aATT"
parameter can be used independently, just to get the extra "AOL shut down" icon (the only drawback is that AOL's modem Setup
is disabled). What this means: the "-cTCP.CCL" command line parameter tells AOL 3.0 to start in "TCP/IP mode",
instead of its default "modem mode" (used to connect through AOL's proprietary modem protocol, using AOLNET.CCL by
default, when you use AOL as your primary ISP). TCP.CCL (AOL's proprietary TCP/IP protocol) is actually a file found
in the \AOL30\CCL subfolder, when using the same folder name in the example above. This way you can start AOL even if you
are not connected to your primary ISP (Worldnet in this example), and then you can sign on to AOL as soon as your TCP/IP
Internet connection has been established. Have fun!
I don't agree with programs that keep their system DLLs (Dynamic Link Libraries) into their own directories/folders,
especially when they are older versions (duplicates) of the ones normally located in \Windows\System. I found out that the
\Windows\System directory sometimes also contains the same DLLs but usually of different (and if I'm "lucky", newer)
versions, which may conflict/interfere with some (poorly written), usually older programs. So whenever I install a new
Windows program, I usually compare the same name duplicate DLLs, starting a search for that particular filename (present in
both program's directory and in \Windows\System) on the entire drive, and erase (ONLY AFTER BACKING THEM UP!) all the
older versions, to keep only the newest ones in \Windows\System. The Windows System directory is accessed by ALL properly
installed applications, to find their shared (needed) Dynamic Link Libraries (newest versions are usually better to keep for
compatibility reasons). To uninstall a particular application properly, I keep a small text file, named after the program
executable (but with the .TXT extension) in the application's folder, listing all DLLs used by it (and had duplicates at the
time of installation). You can create such a plain text file to list all files present in a given directory, by running this
command from any DOS prompt, from within the folder of your choice:DIR /A /O:GEN >
C:\APPDIR\APPNAME.TXTReplace APPPDIR and APPNAME in this example with your real folder name and
program name, respectively. For details on the DIR command parameters, run:DIR
/?from any DOS prompt. This way I know which DLLs to delete from \Windows\System when uninstalling that
particular program, WITHOUT affecting ANY other apps on my machine. Sounds like a whole lot of work, but it saved me from
trouble a few times, since I don't trust handing this job over to commercial Uninstallers.NOTES:
The display of Long File Names (LFNs) is possible ONLY if you run DIR from a
DOS box/window/session within Windows 95/98, NOT from the true/native MS-DOS prompt outside Windows.
Win98 users can run
Sfc.exe (System File Checker), a handy tool located in \Windows\System, which verifies that all files in your Windows
(sub)folders are up to date, and logs a complete list to a text file (Sfclog.txt), found in your Windows directory,
and which can be viewed with Notepad.
Windows XP? Windows 98? OSR2? MS-DOS 6.22? Windows 3.11? ... Confused? Which one are you having trouble with? I know
that all Microsoft Operating Systems I have used so far gave me grief at some point. Why? Simple. They all exhibit their
share of BUGs, glitches, annoyances, quirks, problems, "issues", incompatibilities, security leaks, or whatever else you want
to call them. :) But wait! Microsoft is taking important steps towards explaining the most common problems, answering the
most "burning" questions, and eventually fix some of the BUGs... [and unfortunately ignore others! :(] The answer is
simple. And it's free. All you need is an e-mail account and/or Internet access. It's called the MicroSoft Knowledge Base (MSKB), the "mother"
of all support web sites. A vast area full of articles that cover most of the unsolved, asked about, annoying issues and
BUGs. And some of these articles include free updates/patches for your "affected" Microsoft OS/application.WEB ALTERNATIVE:
Suggested by Rick: The Google search engine can limit searches by domain. To get the most relevant hits from searching the MSKB customize Google to include the site main URL after your
keyword(s):keyword site:support.microsoft.comlike this (MSDOS.SYS used in this example):http://www.google.com/search?q=msdos.sys+site%3Asupport.microsoft.comThis way you'll get hits only from
support.microsoft.com, which primarily comprises the MSKB. If using more than one keyword separate them with spaces. If looking for exact hits enclose your keywords with quotes. And Google makes this much
easier now, just check the Google Microsoft Search page. :)
Suggested by Captain SiskoX: Fire up your e-mail client and send a message to MSHelp@microsoft.com, with the word INDEX in the Subject field. This will return an automated list of all new ("hot") MSKB articles/issues/discovered bugs, in reference to
all current Microsoft OSes/applications. If you type a MSKB article 5 or 6 digit ID number (nnnnnn) in the Subject area, you'll receive an automated message including that specific article. Example: to get a copy of
the MSKB article 120822 in e-mail, type 120822 in the Subject field. You can also find this article online as a web page.
Point your web browser [requires a cookies enabled browser :(] to this
page, and subscribe for free to the Microsoft e-mail based Newsletter(s) of your choice.
Done. Gee... so many
choices, so little time... ;)
This tip applies to ALL Microsoft Internet Explorer releases beginning with version 4.00 (separate install), Windows
98 (installs MS IE 4.01), Windows 98 SE (installs MS IE 5.0), Windows ME (installs MS IE 5.5), and including MS IE 5.xx/6.xx
(separate install). I have been using MS IE 4.01 in full screen mode for some time, but I have never been able to adjust
IE's menu bar to include all basic items, like: File, Home, Back, Forward, Reload, Full screen, Help etc, and the same time
display the URL address bar and get rid of IE's annoying title bar. Until now... :)IMPORTANT: BACKUP the Registry key that will be modified further below:HKEY_CURRENT_USER\Software\Microsoft\Internet Explorer\ToolbarStart Regedit, highlight the Registry
key above, click the "Registry" menu item, select "Export Registry File", type IE4OLD.REG in the
"File name" field, Browse for a destination, and finally click the Save button.Then close all open IE
instances. Now create (using Notepad) a Registration file (with the .REG extension, which is actually a plain text file), and
call it IE4BAR.REG. Cut & paste the lines below into IE4BAR.REG EXACTLY as they appear:
Save the file and close Notepad. In Windows
Explorer or File Manager (FM = C:\WINDOWS\WINFILE.EXE), (double-)click on IE4BAR.REG to merge (register) this
information into your Registry. Now restart IE in full screen mode (this also works in windowed mode though), et voila, no more title bar, a slick menu bar and a full sized address