Windows 98/98 SE
Tricks + Secrets - Part 1Go to Windows 98 ©Tricks + Secrets Contents
10-6-98 Win98 Original Registry ©Trick in TIPS98.TXT, part of W95-11D.EXE:
Windows 98 is meant to improve our computing capabilities, at least that's how it is advertised. Unfortunately this
is not entirely true. :-(
Sadly, Win98 (ALL final retail/OEM releases) lost some of the features built into Windows
95/OSR2 systems. Here are just a few examples:
But you CAN have your wallpaper stretched to fit your Desktop size, even if you're not using TweakUI's "IE4
enabled" feature, by applying the Registry workaround described below.
- No more centered dialog boxes/windows, enabled in Win95/OSR2
ONLY by using 3rd party video/desktop drivers/programs, like ATI Technologies Mach/Rage Win95/OSR2 video drivers/tools,
available for free at the ATI tech support web site, for all ATI
PCI/AGP video controllers owners.
- No more virtual desktops, larger than the selected Desktop size, built-in the Display
Properties applet, also available to Win95/OSR2 users by using 3rd party video drivers/tools.And a BUG I have
- The "Stretch wallpaper to fit desktop" feature introduced by MS Plus! Pack for Win95, and built into OSR2's
Display Properties applet, is NOT available if you uncheck the "IE4 enabled" and/or "Active Desktop enabled" boxes in
TweakUI's IE4 tab [110 KB, free, unsupported].
install TweakUI, right-click on Tweakui.inf and select Install. When done, open Control Panel and (double-)click on
The Desktop wallpaper, also called background
picture, uses a Windows RGB (Red-Green-Blue) encoded bitmap (.BMP file), or a jpeg (.JPG file).
Newer 32-bit web browsers,
like MS IE 4/5/6 and Netscape Navigator/Communicator 3/4/6 can also "Set [image] as wallpaper", usually if you right-click on
an picture/image found on a web page, in any of these formats: GIF (animated GIFs will appear as static if you're not using
the Win98/IE's "Display desktop as a web page" feature), BMP, JPG, PNG etc.
The only way to have your wallpaper/bitmap
stretched to the Desktop size in Win98 (without using TweakUI "IE4 enabled" check box), is to run Regedit, and then go
to:HKEY_CURRENT_USER\Control Panel\desktopRight-click in the right hand pane, and look for
the "WallpaperStyle" string. If it is not present, select New, String, and type in "WallpaperStyle" (no
quotes). Then (double-)click on this new String and give it a value of 2. Close the Registry Editor.
The next time
you will restart Win98, your Desktop wallpaper will be displayed full screen (at any resolution).
If you want to have your
Desktop bitmap back to its original size, just modify the "WallpaperStyle" String again to read 0 (default
On Win98 systems [ONLY IF using TweakUI's "IE4 enabled" feature :(] the wallpaper can be stretched by
running: Control Panel → Display → Background tab → Wallpaper box → Display → Stretch check box.NOTE: You might also need to CENTER your wallpaper, if your bitmap is meant to be displayed full screen
(large size), by modifying the "TileWallpaper" string to read 0, under the same Registry key above, or start
Control Panel → Display → Background tab → Wallpaper box → Display → Center check box.To learn how to move
your Desktop wallpaper off the center, see "WALLPAPER POSITION", also in REGISTRY.TXT
[part of W95-11D.EXE].
Have fun!FYI: Use one of these 32-bit freeware
tools to center and "remember" any window/dialog box size and position:Back 2 Contents
9-8-98 Win98 ©Trick in TIPS98.TXT, part of W95-11D.EXE:
FREE SPACE BUG!
To learn about the new File Allocation Table 32bit (FAT32) standard used in Windows 95 B/C OSR 2.x and Windows 98,
read "FAT16 → FAT32 → exFAT", also in SECRETS.TXT [part of W95-11D.EXE].
Though Microsoft modified the disk utilities bundled with Windows 98 and OSR2 to comply
with this new FAT32 standard (Scandisk, Defrag, FDISK, FORMAT etc), there is still a small "glitch" exhibited by these
Operating Systems, known as the "free space BUG".
Every once in a while, after your Win98/OSR2 machine has crashed
or locked up, Windows may not calculate the amount of free space on a FAT32 drive/logical partition accurately. Example: if
your disk/partition capacity is 1 GB, and the free disk space amounts between 100 - 200 MB, Windows might actually report
that your drive is full.
To get rid of this BUG, you need to repair/recover the eventual lost disk clusters, by running
ScanDisk (Scandskw.exe in Windows or SCANDISK.EXE in MS-DOS). This will fix the discrepancy, but only
temporarily (at least until your hard disk crashes again), it won't "squash" the "free space BUG"! :(Back 2 Contents
9-1-98 Updated Win9x Original MTU Registry ©Trick in TIPS98.TXT, part of W95-11D.EXE:
FASTEST INTERNET 98 - PART 1
This topic applies to ALL 28.8 - 56 kbps analog modem owners, using any 56K protocol for 56K modems (3COM/US Robotics
x2, Rockwell/Lucent 56KFlex, or the newer ITU V.90 PCM standard) to connect to the Internet through the TCP/IP protocol, and
using Dial-Up Networking (DUN) in Windows 98/98 SE, to enable the fastest Internet transfers supported by these
modems.UPDATE: These tweaks apply also to Windows 95/OSR1/OSR2 systems ONLY IF upgraded
with DUN Upgrade 1.4 [1.8 MB, free], because this DUN
Update implements the "IPMTU" Registry value for Internet Packet size (MTU), besides the well known "MaxMTU"
setting.DEFINITION: Maximum Transmission Unit (MTU) or packet
size of a Network/ISP is the largest amount of data that can be transferred in one physical frame on that
Network. Fragmentation will occur if a packet is sent across a Network that has a MTU smaller than the packet's frame
length. This leads to lower performance as fragments need to be reassembled. The workaround in this case is to decrease
the Winsock's MTU value to match the minimum MTU of ALL intervening Networks. Since it is virtually impossible to
determine the minimum MTU of so many Networks, trial and error is almost always the best choice. Start by trying to match
your MTU value with your Network/ISP's MTU. Typical cases:
See also Microsoft's explanation of (Max)MTU.There are a few settings you can
change to get the fastest possible Internet connection under Windows 98, using the TCP/IP protocol (Dial-Up Networking) and
your ISP (Internet Service Provider):
- Ethernet networks: MTU = 1500
servers: MTU = 1006
- PPP protocol (Internet TCP/IP): MTU = 576.
Restart Windows 98 when done so all
changes can take effect.All settings detailed above can be also implemented by using the included file: IPMTU98.REG (or restored by using IPMTUDEF.REG, also included). But FIRST open these .REG files in Notepad and
compare the Registry keys listed there with yours. To view/edit your Win98 Registry, run the Registry editor (REGEDIT.EXE,
located in your Win98 folder), and scroll to the keys listed in IPMTU98.REG +
IPMTUDEF.REG. The "DriverDesc"="Dial-Up Adapter" and "DriverDesc"="AOL Adapter" Net keys: 0000, 0001 etc might have
different values on your system. You may have more than one "00nn" Net keys ("nn" is an actual number, ranging anywhere from
00 up to 50, depending on your system's Network/Dial-Up settings). If that is true, you HAVE TO REPLACE THEM with the ones
found in YOUR Registry!
- Run Control Panel → Network → Dial-Up Adapter → Advanced → IP
Packet Size. Change the IP Packet Size from "Automatic" (Win98 default: dynamically adjusts the MTU setting depending
on connection type) to "Small" (MTU fixed at 576, ideal for TCP/IP Internet connections).
MTU = Maximum
Transmission Unit (IP packet size in bytes).
Make sure the "Client for Microsoft Networks" item is present on your
Network applet list (install it if necessary), to enable the saving of your ISP logon password!
- Uncheck the "Log on
to Network" box in Dial-Up Networking → Server Types.
This will affect only your login time. Beware that in certain
cases it is necessary to leave this box checked!
- Start Regedit, and go to (default Win98 Registry key):HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE\System\CurrentControlSet\Services\Class\Net\0000Make sure you modify
these values ONLY under the Net keys that display:"DriverDesc"="Dial-Up Adapter"or
(AOL users ONLY):"DriverDesc"="AOL Adapter"in the right hand pane!
Various Win98 TCP/IP configurations may
contain the "SLOWNET" and "IPMTU" values under different Registry subkeys. (Double-)click on the "Net" key
(see above) to view all its subkeys. Substitute the "00nn" key below with the appropriate
integer number(s) present on your machine (valid values for nn: from 00 up to 50):HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE\System\CurrentControlSet\Services\Class\Net\00nnThen track down all
"SLOWNET" and "IPMTU" instances and modify them as described above.
- In the right hand pane, (double-)click the "SLOWNET" hex value, and change its number from 01 to
This won't dramatically increase your transfers but will reduce timeouts.
- Change the "IPMTU"
string to read 576.
Win98's default is 0, corresponding to the "Automatic" IP Packet Size setting: Control Panel →
Network applet → Dial-Up Adapter → Advanced → IP Packet Size (see above).
- Run Regedit and go to:
same "00nn" → "0000", "0001"... etc substitution principle (see above) applies here.
Change the "default" string
found in the right hand pane from 0 (Win98 default "Automatic" setting) to 576, Win98's "Small" setting: Control Panel
→ Network applet → Dial-Up Adapter → Advanced → IP Packet Size (see above).
After modifying the IPMTU98.REG +
IPMTUDEF.REG keys to match YOURS, (double-)click on IPMTU98.REG in Explorer or File Manager to merge (register) the new
Then restart Win98, log on to your ISP as usual, and notice any differences in access speed.NOTE: IPMTU is NOT present in your Registry if you have never used a "MTU tweaker" like EasyMTU, or added it yourself using a Registry editor like Regedit.If
you are experiencing slower connections or/and longer wait times after using these new settings, (double-)click on IPMTUDEF.REG (also included) to RESTORE them to their default
values.WARNING: BACKUP YOUR SYSTEM FILES FIRST!IMPORTANT: To learn
how to modify your MaxMTU (Win95 users), and many other important Win95/98 Registry settings (DefaultRcvWindow,
DefaultTTL, cachesize, COMBoostTime etc) to optimize your Internet/AOL connection, please read these related topics, also
part of my Windows 9x/NT4/2000/ME/XP/2003 + DOS 7/8 ©Tricks + Secrets files [W95-11D.EXE]:Also check out these 56K + MTU reference links for more info.Max surf speed ahead!Back 2 Contents
7-30-98 Win98 ©Trick in TIPS98.TXT, part of W95-11D.EXE:
NEW SCANDISK OPTION
If you run ScanDisk (Windows 98's disk error detection/repair tool), you'll find that a new parameter was added to
the "ScanDisk Advanced Options" dialog box.
ScanDisk's default shortcut is found under Start → Programs → Accessories →
System Tools → ScanDisk. Run ScanDisk and click the "Advanced..." button.
This new option can be activated by checking
the "Report MS-DOS mode name length errors" box. This refers to the 8.3 DOS filename format, displayed in MS-DOS true
mode outside Windows and in a DOS box/session/window started from within Windows.
Windows 95/98 have the capability to
save/modify/display each file/folder using both the 256.8 Long File Name (LFN) and the 8.3 short file name
ScanDisk's new option above enables the 8.3 format checking for all files.Back 2 Contents
7-27-98 Win98/ME Original ©Trick in TIPS98.TXT, part of W95-11D.EXE:
SCANREGW, SCANREG + SCANREG.INI
Both Windows 98 and ME come with a long awaited tool (%windir%\SCANREGW.EXE, located in your Windows folder)
that performs daily automatic vital backups of the Registry files: SYSTEM.DAT + USER.DAT (and CLASSES.DAT if using WinME),
and System files: SYSTEM.INI + WIN.INI.
More info @ MSKB.
This is the default mode, enabled by a command line found under the Registry key below. Run
Regedit and go to:HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE\SOFTWARE\Microsoft\Windows\CurrentVersion\RunMake sure
the "ScanRegistry" String Value is present in the right hand pane:"ScanRegistry"="C:\Windows\Scanregw.exe /autorun"This means Scanregw makes a new backup set upon the
first Windows startup of each new day. These backups are compressed into .CAB files (Microsoft proprietary compression
technology) located by default in the C:\Windows\Sysbckup folder.
These .CAB files are named RB00n.CAB, where n =
0 - 4, respectively = RB000.CAB - RB004.CAB, because the default Scanregw setting allows for a maximum
of 5 backups. The newest backup .CAB file overwrites the oldest.
You can customize the way Scanregw manages these daily
backups by making changes to SCANREG.INI, a plain text file located in your Windows folder.
Open Scanreg.ini with
Notepad, and scroll down to view all its parameters, they are all well documented with remarked (;) lines of
Changes you can make to Scanreg.ini:
Restart Windows when you're done so the new
settings can take effect.
- Do not allow the creation of new
Default is 1 (allows the creation of new backups).
- Skip the Registry
Default is 1 (allows the Registry automatic
If Optimize=1, Scanregw compacts the Registry files automatically (default) if they contain more than 500
KB of empty space (unused blank gaps).
- Increase/decrease the number of daily backups, by modifying this line:
Default is 5, maximum allowed is 99.
- Change the backup directory/folder
where the .CAB files are held:
Default backup folder is
- Have Scanregw add other System Files to the daily .CAB backups, by using the following System
Folder codes on separate "Files=" lines:
10 = windir (default is C:\Windows)
11 = system dir
(default is C:\Windows\System)
30 = boot dir (default is C:\)
31 = boot host dir (deafult is C:\)
number of additional files you can add is 16 for a total of 20.
Example: to add your AUTOEXEC.BAT, CONFIG.SYS, CONTROL.INI
+ WINFILE.INI to the daily backups, add/modify these lines to read:
Default is to backup only
SYSTEM.DAT, USER.DAT, SYSTEM.INI + WIN.INI.NOTE: See the "Scanreg.exe Does Not Back Up User.dat When Using User Profiles" MSKB
article.Directory code and filenames are separated by a comma (,).
If you also use the native/real/true/pure MS-DOS mode (like I do), you can access most of these Windows
backup features by running the Scanregw DOS counterpart, filename SCANREG.EXE (located in
C:\Windows\Command).NOTE: To make this work with Windows ME you MUST install one of these DOS Patches FIRST!Run:SCANREG /?to display its available command line
"Windows Registry Checker Usage: SCANREG [/<option>]
? : Displays usage.
BACKUP : Backup the registry and related system configuration files.
RESTORE : Choose a backup to restore.
FIX : Repair the registry.
: Adds the specified comment to the CAB file while backing up."SCANREG command line parameters
FYI:Back 2 Contents
7-21-98 Win98 ©Trick in TIPS98.TXT, part of W95-11D.EXE:
- /BACKUP = Creates a new backup .CAB file manually.
.CAB files created by SCANREG are uncompressed.
To view the last 5 backup CABs, run SCANREG and select "View Backups" from
the summary screen.
- /COMMENT = Adds a comment to the CAB while backing up.
SCANREG /BACKUP "/COMMENT=My 7-27-98 Windows Backup"
If you choose to view your recent
backups (see above), the text string after the equal sign will be displayed as comment.
The maximum text length is 29
characters (text beyond this limit is truncated).
NOTE: See the "Registry Checker Tool Displays Only Some Backups with Time
Stamp" MSKB article.
- /FIX = Rebuilds the Registry.
Used automatically if Scanreg detects ANY Registry problems or corruption, that may prevent Windows from functioning
Example: use it if you don't have any valid Registry backups.
This switch checks and rebuilds the Registry structure NOT its contents, therefore certain invalid Registry entries may NOT be fixed this
IMPORTANT: Make sure you have a "SystemReg=0" line (without quotes) in MSDOS.SYS (+ in WINBOOT.INI if any) under
the [Options] section to disable the native DOS registry scanning process (performed by SCANREG.EXE /FIX during bootup, before loading the Windows GUI) in order to avoid errors/lockups, especially if installed any
- /OPT = Compacts ("shrinks") the Registry files.
Example: use it after uninstalling an application from Control Panel's Add/Remove Programs menu, because certain
deleted Registry keys, entries or strings do NOT free unused empty space in the Registry files.
SCANREG /FIX performs a similar job.
SCANREG /OPT is used automatically if there are more than 500 KB of wasted/blank space
within the Registry.
- /RESTORE = Restores the Registry using the most recent backup .CAB.
Example: use it if your Registry becomes corrupted, or if you canNOT start Windows in normal GUI
98 CD-ROM DRIVER BUG + FIX
I have faced yet another "98 BUG": I took two (2) weeks (from the time I have first installed Win98 on my machine) to
figure out how to properly configure the "Secondary IDE Controller (dual fifo)" on my machine. As a consequence
(before applying this fix), my IDE/ATAPI internal CD-ROM drive was still running in "MS-DOS compatibility mode", with
the 32-bit File System disabled, because of a FALSE hardware IRQ (Interrupt Request Line) conflict, that was showing IRQ 15
used by both the "Intel 82371SB PCI Bus Master IDE Controller" and the "Secondary IDE controller (dual fifo)"
items in the System Properties Device Manager tab. The default (Pentium and above) motherboard EIDE hard drive controller
DOES use IRQ 15 for normal operation, as DOES the secondary IDE interface, which is part of the same EIDE drive
My IDE/ATAPI internal CD-ROM drive is connected to my motherboard's secondary IDE controller interface, and
properly configured as master drive (both my hard drives are connected to the primary IDE interface).FYI: See the MSKB
fix!The workaround step-by-step:
My "home-made" PC specs are listed here.NOTES:
- I have installed Windows 98 over Windows 95B OSR 2.1.
- I have
copied the OSR2 version of the MSHDC.INF file [date-time stamp 8-24-96 11:11:11] to
the Windows \Inf hidden subfolder, overwriting Win98's MSHDC.INF (you can rename it to something like MSHDC98.INF).
have removed the "Intel 82371SB PCI Bus Master IDE Controller" item from the "Hard disk controllers" menu, you
can see when you open Control Panel → System → Device Manager tab.
- When the computer rebooted into Win98, the
Hardware Wizard automatically redetected the new hardware (PCI IDE Controller), prompted me to install the default Win98
driver (Intel 82371SB PCI Bus Master IDE Controller) and gave me the choice of selecting several drivers from a list (you get
this list if you choose NOT to install the recommended Win98 driver). Among them was "Intel 82371SB PCI Bus Master IDE
Controller (Microsoft) 4-28-96" (the OSR2 version). I selected it, and guess what? My CD-ROM drive was successfully
detected (FINALLY!), and is now working properly, the "CDROM" item is now listed in Device Manager, and ALL the drives
in my system are now using Win98's "File System: 32-bit", as stated in the System Properties Performance
Back 2 Contents
2-23-99 Updated Win98/ME Registry ©Trick in TIPS98.TXT, part of W95-11D.EXE:
- BACKUP YOUR SYSTEM + REGISTRY FILES FIRST!
- If you believe you have a similar
problem, download the OSR2 MSHDC.INF file [6 KB].
FASTER APP LOAD
Microsoft introduced a new "smart" tool with Windows 98/98 SE/ME called WinAlign
[%windir%\SYSTEM\WALIGN.EXE].Get WALIGN.EXE (from Windows ME),
WINALIGN.EXE + Windows Magazine WALIGN.BAT [36 KB, free, unsupported].Winalign allows a program, when loading in
memory, to reuse the physical RAM to "fit" that particular executable in the same portion of RAM used for disk sector cache.
Therefore less physical memory is used for a program executable. Program data though still uses the same RAM amount. This is
done by linking a program's executable with a 4 KB (4096 Bytes) memory boundary.
This may result in a major benefit by
regaining precious memory on Win98/ME computers with only 16-32 MB RAM. On the other hand, this is barely noticeable on
systems with 64 MB or more.
Significant memory gain by using Winalign is only observed when launching large
Winalign DOES NOT decrease application loading time when running a program!
The ONLY way you can
speed up the loading times of your programs is by using Win98/ME's new Defrag and Task Monitor tools together
(jointly developed by Intel and Microsoft), to defragment all your fixed drives/partitions with the "Rearrange program
files so my programs start faster" Defrag box checked, and by having this TaskMon command line as String value (Windows
default):C:\Windows\Taskmon.exeunder this Registry key:HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE\SOFTWARE\Microsoft\Windows\CurrentVersion\Runto run the Task Monitor tool in the
background every time Windows loads.
As far as I'm aware, the only programs designed to be "recompiled" by Winalign are
written by Microsoft. :(You MUST BE AWARE that by "aligning" a 3rd party program executable (NOT specifically designed
to be used with WinAlign) without FIRST checking with the program's developer/vendor exposes YOU (as licensed/registered
user) to a few RISKS:
More info:Follow these steps to optimize
- You may break a particular application
(usually only slightly).
- You may break a program's ability to update using patching technology.
- You may be violating a
license agreement by modifying copyrighted files.
See also "MAP THE CACHE", also in TIPS98.TXT [part of W95-11D.EXE],
for more details.WARNING: Users of Quarterdeck MagnaRAM 97, QEMM 9.0, Sincronys Windrenalin,
McAfee (formerly Helix) Hurricane 98 v1.0x, and/or similar utilities are advised not to use the application
acceleration/faster loading features in these retail products the same time with the "Intel Application Launch
Accelerator" feature built into the 98/ME Disk Defragmenter tool, because your computer may LOCK UP
- Delete, but FIRST BACKUP to a safe location using Explorer's right-click menu Copy
function, ALL .LG* files: .LGC, .LGD, .LGE... etc, located in your %windir%\APPLOG subfolder, depending on how many
hard drives/partitions you have: C, D, E... etc. This will get rid of all .LG* files (including the 0 bytes files) created
for "buggy" apps that do not meet the requirements defined in %windir%\APPLOG\Optlog.txt (you can view its contents
in Notepad), and which are just taking disk space.
Not to worry, these files will be recreated for each app, the first
time you run a particular program, if Task Monitor is running when Windows loads (see above). :)
- Defrag your drives
with the "Rearrange program files so my programs start faster" box checked.
Repeat this procedure periodically (at
least once a month), eventually scheduling periodic unattended defrags on all your fixed drives using Task Scheduler. A good
idea is to ScanDisk all your fixed drives prior to defragging them, to fix eventual lost clusters or disk errors.
large drives (over 2 GB), especially if partitioned with FAT32, these tasks can take a long time (sometimes hours) to
complete, so it is advised to leave your computer on at all times, and/or schedule such maintenance chores at night time (or
when your machine is not in use).
- Follow the guidelines in this comprehensive Windows Magazine WinAlign page,
to properly "align" the programs you want, or "unalign" the ones that have already been modified.
Also, above 3rd party tools acceleration features may CONFLICT with the DMA setting enabled for your
fixed/removable drives, available from: Control Panel → System → Device Manager tab → Disk Drives/CDROM → your drive name
Properties → Settings tab → DMA check box!
SOLUTION: If you own any of these
programs or similars, contact the vendor for Windows 98/ME specific upgrades!UPDATES:
Back 2 Contents
7-13-98 Win98 ©Trick in TIPS98.TXT, part of W95-11D.EXE:
- "I applied your recommendations on how to optimize load times, as soon as I saw this on your site. However, over
the time I noticed that my fav apps only loaded slower and slower. I had clocked the times some of my apps would take to load
right after having converted my discs to FAT32, and when I compared these times with the ones I was getting lately I was
WordPerfect was down to 13 sec vs 4-5 sec and Netscape took 11-12 sec vs 7-8 in the beginning. To make a long
story short: I got this advice from Dr Gokart at Lockergnome Newsgroups:
"Check out this how-to on everything dealing with Walign.
something else: Walign does not run unless Microsoft Office is installed. Adding the following Registry key will make it
an empty default entry is sufficient."
This has worked wonders! Before applying this, neither WordPerfect nor Netscape
were even present in my Optlog.txt, and after creating above Registry line they immediately swung up on top.
running Walign and Defrag, my apps' load times are almost down to where they were after switching to FAT32, those times being
fractionally slower than with FAT16."
[Thank you Jan!]
- "When aligning your
programs, deleting WinAlign's history doesn't always work, no matter how much memory you have, or how many times you have
defragged your drives. Fortunately, there are 2 ways to force program "alignment".
First, try WinAlign [41 KB,
free, unsupported], part of the Microsoft Windows 98 Resource Kit (RK), which partially recompiles a given file to optimize
it into 4096 Byte (4K) segments, by matching the program's code with the 4 KB page size used by Intel Pentium/Pro/II/III/IV
CPUs. This allows them to load by using less memory.
Second, try Windows Magazine's WMAlign batch file [36 KB, free, unsupported], which does the exact
same thing, but in a different way, using the "dumbed-down" version of 98/ME WAlign, which is also used by Disk Defragmenter
when you optimize your files by "making your programs to load faster".
It even makes a backup copy in case the alignment
corrupts a program!
WAlign also creates a log of optimized files to prevent a program from being realigned.
If you have
reinstalled a program, changed its file attributes, moved it around etc, and need to realign it, you need to delete
To do this, run Regedit and go to:
and delete all entries
found there. Then delete the "Files" subkey.
Now you can safely realign your programs."
98 SCREEN SETTINGS
In Win98 you can change your Desktop screen size and color depth "on the fly" (without the need
for a reboot/restart). Just add a Display Settings icon to the System Tray. Right-click on an empty spot on your Desktop and
select Properties. In the Display Properties Settings tab, click Advanced and check the "Show settings icon on the
taskbar" box. From now on, right-click on the new tray icon and select the color resolution/screen size you'd like to
switch to.Back 2 Contents
7-13-98 Win98 ©Trick in TIPS98.TXT, part of W95-11D.EXE:
STICKY DESKTOP ICONS
To force all your Desktop icons "stick" where you have placed them, and prevent them from ligning up to the left side
of your screen, right-click on an empty Desktop area, select Arrange Icons, and uncheck Auto arrange.
Press F5 to
refresh the Desktop when done.Back 2 Contents
7-9-98 Win98 ©Trick in TIPS98.TXT, part of W95-11D.EXE:
One sunny day [a bit after June 25th 1998 :-)], I have finally decided to install the retail release of Windows 98
Upgrade. It's supposed to "make our lives easier", right? Wrong! My 98 troubles [and counting :-)] were just
First, whenever I was trying to shut down the GUI and go back to the true (native) MS-DOS mode prompt, my
computer was locking up! This meant war!NOTE: Read "DOS
NOW!", also in MYTIPS95.TXT [part of W95-11D.EXE], to learn how to go to the true MS-DOS prompt
after Win98 shuts down, and also to be able to restart Windows again as many times as you want, WITHOUT rebooting!Well,
here it is folks, you need to use a small utility hidden in your \Windows\System folder, that allows the tweaking of most ALL
important bootup/start/shut-down settings: MSCONFIG.EXE. Run Msconfig (System Configuration Utility) and click
away its tabs to see the settings available on your machine.
You can enable/disable the processing of EACH separate
line/section in: CONFIG.SYS, AUTOEXEC.BAT, SYSTEM.INI, WIN.INI, MSDOS.SYS. And that's only the tip of the iceberg. :) For
more tweaks click the Advanced button.
Here is actually where I wanted to get. To restore the proper Win98/98 SE shut down function I
had to check the "Disable fast shutdown" box.UPDATES:
Another way to achieve this is to edit the Registry. Run Regedit and go
to:HKEY_LOCAL_MACHINE\System\CurrentControlSet\Control\ShutdownModify the "FastReboot" String
value in the right hand pane to read 0 (default value is 1).NOTE: ANY changes made
to these settings require a Windows restart!My "home-made" PC specs are listed here.
- Get the "fixed" Win98 SE MSCONFIG.EXE 4.10.2223, which also disables the Fast shutdown Registry setting.
- Microsoft disabled Fast shutdown completely in the Windows
Millennium Edition (ME) Registry and MSCONFIG.EXE.
you have noticed, my machine components are not that old, and still, Windows canNOT shut it down properly IF the "fast
shutdown" feature is enabled. :(STRONGLY RECOMMENDED: If you have hardware related
problems installing/using Win98, contact your device manufacturer/vendor for support. Most OEMs/VARs/vendors have posted
specific guidelines/updates/fixes at their WWW/FTP sites.Other Windows 98 system tools (some new, some "inherited" from
Win95) you might consider using to keep your system in tip-top shape:
If some of these tools are not installed on your system, open Control Panel, and select Add/Remove
Programs. Click the Windows Setup tab, and check the programs you want to install from the list (not all are available for
automatic install). Make sure your Win98 setup CD-ROM is in the drive.See "95/98/ME SETUP
SWITCHES", also in TIPS95.TXT [part of W95-11D.EXE], to learn how to custom-install Windows
95/98 on your PC.UPDATE FOR WIN98 LAPTOP USERS: [Thank you Ojatex!]
- In your Windows 98 folder:
- ACCSTAT.EXE = Windows Accessibility Status Indicator
- ASD.EXE = Automatic Skip
- CLEANMGR.EXE = Disk Space Cleanup Manager
- CVT1.EXE = FAT32 Drive Converter tool
- DEFRAG.EXE = Disk
Defragmenter (includes Intel application optimizer)
- DRWATSON.EXE = Dr. Watson Windows Diagnostic tool
- HWINFO.EXE =
- REGEDIT.EXE = Registry Editor (16-bit, also available in native MS-DOS)
- RSRCMTR.EXE = Resource
- SCANDSKW.EXE = Scan Disk tool
- SCANREGW.EXE = Registry Checker
- SIGVERIF.EXE = Signature Verification
- SNDVOL32.EXE = Volume Control
- SYSMON.EXE = System Monitor
- TASKMAN.EXE = Task Manager
- TASKMON.EXE = Task
Monitor (used by DEFRAG.EXE + SCANREGW.EXE)
- TUNEUP.EXE = Maintenance Wizard
- VCMUI.EXE = Version Conflict
- WINFILE.EXE = Windows File Manager (FM) (16-bit, LFNs unaware)
- WINIPCFG.EXE = TCP/IP Configuration
- WINPOPUP.EXE = WinPopup network messaging tool
- WINREP.EXE = Problem Report tool (send to Microsoft
- WINVER.EXE = Windows Version utility
- WSCRIPT.EXE = Windows Scripting Host
- WUPDMGR.EXE = Windows Update
Manager (Internet connection required)
- In your \Windows\System subfolder:
- ACCWIZ.EXE = Microsoft Accessibility Wizard
- IESHWIZ.EXE = Customize Folder tool
- INTERNAT.EXE = Keyboard
Language Indicator monitor
- MAGNIFY.EXE = Magnify tool
- MKCOMPAT.EXE = Make Compatible App tool
- MSCONFIG.EXE = System
Configuration tool (use with CAUTION!)
- MSTASK.EXE = Task Scheduler
- SAGE.EXE = Task Scheduler Sage
- SFC.EXE = System File Checker
- SRW.EXE = System Recovery Wizard
- SYSAGENT.EXE = Task Scheduler
- SYSEDIT.EXE = System Editor tool (16-bit, edit: AUTOEXEC.BAT, CONFIG.SYS, SYSTEM.INI + WIN.INI)
- SYSTRAY.EXE =
System Tray Applet (used by MSTASK.EXE/SAGE.EXE, POWERCFG.CPL + SNDVOL32.EXE)
- WALIGN.EXE = WinAlign tool
- In the
\Program Files folder, in the...
- \Program Files\Accessories\Backup subfolder:
- \Program Files\Common Files\Microsoft Shared\Msinfo subfolder:
MSINFO32.EXE = System
- On your Windows 98 Setup CD-ROM [NOT installed by default!], in the...
- \Tools\Msutil\Fat32ebd subfolder:
FAT32EBD.EXE = FAT32 Emergency Boot Disk
FAT32WIN.EXE = FAT32 Conversion Information
TZEDIT.EXE = Time Zone Editor
PMTSHOOT.EXE = Power Management Trouble Shooter
- \Tools\Reskit\Netadmin\Poledit subfolder:
- \Tools\Reskit\Desktop subfolder:
CLIPTRAY.EXE = Clipboard Tray (add selected text to the
CHKLNKS.EXE = Links Check Wizard
QUIKTRAY.EXE = Quick Tray (add programs to the Tray)
TEXTVIEW.EXE = Text File Viewer
WINDIFF.EXE = File Comparison tool
LFNBK.EXE = Long File Names Backup tool
- \Tools\Reskit\Powertoy subfolder:
TWEAKUI.INF = TweakUI Power Toy
Information file: right-click on it and select Install. When done, open Control Panel and (double-)click
after disabling "Fast shut down" by running Msconfig, using SHIFT on Reboot with Win98 still throws WRITE PROTECTION ERRORS
necessitating one or more cold boot-downs and boot-ups on my system. Possibly this is caused by the laptop's various
shut-down power modes. On my system, there are 3 different shut-off options:
These are designed to optimize battery use and conserve power as well as save time
for re-starting. In light of the above experience, I think it's wise not to recommend to laptop owners to try disabling "Fast
shut down" in order to re-enable the SHIFT on RE-BOOT feature."
NOTE: See also "SHIFT 2 RESTART 95/98", also in TIPS95.TXT [part of W95-11D.EXE],
for more details.Back 2 Contents
7-7-98 Win98 ©Trick in TIPS98.TXT, part of W95-11D.EXE:
98 INSTALL BLUES
This procedure is supposed to work for installing ANY retail/final/gamma/Gold/RTM/OEM/MSDN version of Windows 98 (retail upgrade, retail full
release or OEM full release), on ANY "Wintel" PC or compatible (486DX/66 and above), with or without a previous version of
Windows, without getting error messages like:"You are trying to setup the OEM release of Windows 98
on a computer that already has an Operating System installed. Get the upgrade version and try again."or:"A previous installation of Windows was not found. Setup aborted."Necessary steps:
- Load your MS-DOS mode CD-ROM driver in your CONFIG.SYS, load MSCDEX.EXE in your AUTOEXEC.BAT (both these files
reside in C:\ root by default) and then reboot. Create (if not present) or modify them with Notepad/Sysedit in Windows or
EDIT.COM in DOS. Examples:
Note that your CD/DVD drive name
("MYCDROM" in this example) MUST be IDENTICAL on BOTH lines above!
- CONFIG.SYS CD-ROM driver line (replace CDROM.SYS with your MS-DOS
mode CD/DVD driver):DEVICE=C:\CDROM\CDROM.SYS /D:MYCDROM
- AUTOEXEC.BAT MSCDEX
See "CD-ROM DRIVERS 4 DOS", also in MYTIPS95.TXT [part of W95-11D.EXE],
for more details.
- IF you are installing the OEM full release of Win98, rename all the WIN*.* files ("*" is a DOS
wildcard to include all files containing the "WIN" string at the beginning of the filename, no matter the extension):
WIN.COM, WIN.INI, WINVER.EXE etc, found ANYWHERE on your fixed disks to something like: WINOLD.COM, WINOLD.INI, WINVEROL.EXE
etc, or move them temporarily to a removable disk(ette), into appropriate directories, so you know which versions of Windows
they originated from.
- This step is necessary ONLY for OEM installations of Win98. Create a new "dummy" file called
NTLDR in C:\ root (only if you don't already have one from a previous Windows NT/2000/XP/2003 install) by running this DOS
command:ECHO.>C:\NTLDRThen install Win98 OEM by running:SETUP
/NTLDRfrom the native MS-DOS.
- If you try to install the Win98 Upgrade on an empty disk/partition, you
will be asked to insert the Setup CD-ROM or floppies that contain an older version of Windows/WfWG. Win98 Setup checks for ANY:
WINSETUP.BIN, PRECOPYx.CAB and WIN_95xx.CAB files supposedly located on a Win95/OSR2 install CD-ROM, and/or for Windows/WfWG 3.xx
If you have any of these CD-ROMs/floppies, you can copy the installation files to a directory on your hard
disk to speedup the search.
- Run the Win98 OEM release SETUP from the real (true) MS-DOS mode: change to your CD-ROM
drive, type SETUP and press Enter.
- If you run SETUP from Windows, there is a possibility you might have a SETUPPP.INF
file installed by almost any Win95 version in your \Windows\Inf subfolder. Open it in Notepad and add/modify these lines under the
[data] section to read:OEMUP=1
ProductType=1Now run Setup from the Win98 CD-ROM, and stop at the
license agreement (EULA) screen. Hold CTRL and press ESC to bring up the Start Menu. Run Notepad, browse to the \Windows.000 or \Wininst0.400
temporary folder, and open Setuppp.inf. Insert/change the same lines as shown above, under the [data] header and save the
file. Hold ALT and press TAB to return to Setup, and finally, continue the installation.
Another advantage of having these
lines present in ALL your copies of Setuppp.inf is that you won't be prompted to insert your old Windows 3.xx/95 Setup
CD-ROM/floppies anymore when installing the Win98 upgrade.
Back 2 Contents
7-7-98 Win98/ME ©Trick in TIPS98.TXT, part of W95-11D.EXE:
- "WIN98: NO INSTALL CODE!", also in TIPS98.TXT [part of W95-11D.EXE], to
learn how to install Win98 [retail ONLY, NOT Win98 SE(U)!] without a Product Key code.
- Install Windows 9x/ME without a CD Key.
- "95/98/ME SETUP SWITCHES", also in TIPS95.TXT [part of W95-11D.EXE], to
learn how to custom-install Windows 9x/ME on your machine, especially if you own an older PC (i.e. 486SX, 486DX/33).
- "CD-ROM DRIVERS 4 DOS", also in MYTIPS95.TXT [part of W95-11D.EXE], to
learn about using alternative (smaller memory footprint) CD-ROM DOS mode drivers in your AUTOEXEC.BAT, especially if you are
using older CD-ROM based MS-DOS applications/games that NEED to run from the native/real/true/pure MS-DOS mode.
WHERE IS LOGO.SYS?
If you looked in the root folder of your Win98/98 SE/ME boot drive (C:\), you may have noticed that the Logo.sys file
(known as the bootup or startup logo to Win95/OSR2 users) is not there anymore. :(
In fact the Win98/ME logo is built into
IO.SYS, a read-only, hidden, system file, located in C:\ root by default.
But you can place your own custom or even
animated LOGO.SYS in C:\ root [and also in the default compressed volume root directory (H:\) if using the Microsoft
disk compression tool: DrvSpace, ONLY IF you have partitioned your boot drive/partition (C) with FAT16!], and have it
displayed next time you boot into Windows.
LOGO.SYS must be a 320x400 pixels, 256 colors, RGB encoded, uncompressed
Windows BitMaP (.BMP format), with the .SYS extension.
File size doesn't matter. It is minimum 129,078 Bytes for static
logos, animated logos being a little larger, because they contain the scrolling colors code. Take a look at the size of some
of these animated logos [1 MB, freeware].
To have your
Win98/ME OS display a logo at startup, just edit MSDOS.SYS (another C:\ root read-only,
hidden, system file, also found on H:\ root if using DrvSpace) with Notepad in Windows or EDIT.COM in DOS, and add/modify
this line under the [Options] section to read:Logo=1To be able to edit MSDOS.SYS, you
need to first "strip" it of its read-only, hidden and system attributes. This can be done by running this command from any
DOS prompt:ATTRIB -H -R -S C:\MSDOS.SYSAfter you're done editing it, you can restore its
original attributes (optional):ATTRIB +H +R +S C:\MSDOS.SYSBetter, to perform all above
operations with a single mouse (double-)click, run SYS95.BAT, included with W95-11D.EXE.
The only time you'll see a Logo.sys file in C:\ root is before you boot into Win98/ME for
the first time, right after OS installation has completed.
On Win98/98 SE systems it says: "Getting ready to run
Windows for the first time", and is deleted after the second boot: filename Sulogo.sys,
located in \Win98\Win98_46.cab (Win98 retail), \Win98\Win98_52.cab (Win98 SE) or \Win9x\Win_19.cab
(WinME retail) from your Windows Setup CD.
To extract it to C:\ root (and see it next time upon boot) from your CD-ROM,
run these DOS commands (replace the CD/DVD drive letter if different on your computer):EXTRACT
REN C:\SULOGO.SYS LOGO.SYSWin98 SE owners need to use
WinME owners need to use D:\WIN9X\WIN_19.CAB instead.
If you already
have a Logo.sys file in C:\ root, make sure to back it up first. :)
Reboot when done.FYI:
Back 2 Contents
7-1-98 Win9x/ME/IE Registry ©Trick in REGISTRY.TXT, part of W95-11D.EXE:
- See also NEWLOGO.TXT and "COMPLETE MSDOS.SYS REFERENCE" [also in
MYTIPS95.TXT], both part of W95-11D.EXE, to learn how to create your own Win9x/ME logos and how
to master MSDOS.SYS parameters to boot into Windows the way you want.
pages feature a huge collection of free animated and static Win9x/ME logos.
UNCLUTTER START MENU
These Registry hacks work with Win95/OSR1/OSR2 ONLY IF upgraded with MS IE 4 or newer, and with Win98/98 SP1/98
SE/ME. Win98 + ME install MS IE anyway, no choice there. :(
To unclutter your Start Menu, and to enable only
the items you want listed when you click the Start button, run Regedit (found in your Windows folder) and go to:HKEY_CURRENT_USER\Software\Microsoft\Windows\CurrentVersion\Policies\ExplorerNOTE: Win98/ME and Win95/OSR1/OSR2 users who installed MS
IE 4/5/6 can also access some of these settings (and much more) by using TweakUI [110 KB, free,
- To make the "Log
Off" prompt disappear from your Start Menu, look in the right hand pane for the "NoLogOff" entry. Create it if not
present, by right-clicking in the left hand pane, and then selecting New → Binary Value. Name it NoLogOff.
(Double-)click it and assign it the Value Data below (don't type the spaces):01 00 00 00Don't worry about the
other zeroes already present, the values you typed are inserted automatically.
Click OK to save your change. Close Regedit
and then restart your computer.
To reenable the Log Off menu, change "NoLogOff" to read (this is the default):00 00
00 00or delete it entirely.
You only need (or have installed) the Log Off prompt if your machine is connected to a
network, thus enabling different users to log on under their own separate system configurations (mainly for security
purposes), in which case it's wise to keep it on the Start Menu.
- This one is for users who don't like using the IE
Favorites folder outside the IE interface (the only difference is when you open the Favorites menu from the Start button, it
displays its contents in the same window). It also takes quite a while to "dig" through all your Favorites folders and
subfolders to get to the link you're looking for, if you have a load of them, like I do.
To make the Favorites item
disappear from your Start Menu, run Regedit and look in the right hand pane of the same Registry key (shown above) for the
If it's not there, create it: right-click and choose New → DWORD Value. Rename it to read
"NoFavoritesMenu" (no quotes). Now (double-)click on it and give it a Value Data of 1. Click OK to save it. Now
close Regedit and restart Windows.
You can still access the Favorites menu from any Explorer window, but not from your
Start Menu from now on.
- Want to further slim down your Start Menu? Well then, I have another one for you.
the Documents menu from the Start button AND to "annihilate" the \Windows\Recent subfolder, go to the Registry key mentioned
above, and search in the right hand pane for the "NoRecentDocsHistory" entry. If you can't find it, create it.
Right-click it and select New → Binary Value. Name it NoRecentDocsHistory. (Double-)click on it and type in the Value
Data field:01 00 00 00Don't type the spaces though. Click OK or press Enter to save.
Now you need to repeat
the steps above to add/modify another Binary Value called "NoRecentDocsMenu" (don't type the quotes), and then give it
the same numeric value, but don't type the spaces:01 00 00 00Close the Registry Editor and restart your
You'll notice that the Documents item is now absent from your Start Menu, and your \Windows\Recent folder has
disappeared. Hocus-pocus, all gone!
Right-click on Tweakui.inf and select Install. Then run TweakUI from Control
Panel.Back 2 Contents
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